The Evolution of KM Practices: The Case of the Renault-Nissan International Strategic Alliance

The Evolution of KM Practices: The Case of the Renault-Nissan International Strategic Alliance

Nabyla Daidj (Telecom Business School, France)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-195-5.ch010
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Abstract

The objective of this chapter was to understand how a “hybrid organization” (two automobile manufacturers Renault and Nissan within a strategic alliance) uses social networking and Web 2.0 tools to collaborate not only inside traditional organizational boundaries and within the alliance structure but also across geographical frontiers. Nissan has gradually lost its historic status as keiretsu as a result of its strategic alliance with the Renault. This alliance has had numerous consequences for the organizational structure of Nissan, even though both companies have maintained their identity by maintaining the two brands internationally. KM practices have evolved since the beginning of the strategic alliance. Two phases can be considered. During the first three years of the alliance, the two car manufacturers relied mainly on their own specific KM practices and processes. The second phase started in 2004 with the development of KM 2.0 and Web 2.0 tools. The adoption of these tools by Renault has led to increased collaboration between the two manufacturers.
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The Nissan Keiretsu: An Historical Retrospect

The history of the automotive industry in Japan and the main automotive manufacturers (Toyota, Honda, and Nissan) during the last half century has been shaped by the existence of keiretsu defining the boundaries for the players’ behaviours.

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