Improving the Treatment Outcomes for ADHD Patients with IS/IT: An Actor-Network Theory Perspective

Improving the Treatment Outcomes for ADHD Patients with IS/IT: An Actor-Network Theory Perspective

Bader Binhadyan (RMIT University, Australia & Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia), Indrit Troshani (The University of Adelaide, Australia) and Nilmini Wickramasinghe (RMIT University, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8756-1.ch064
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Abstract

The key role for IS/IT in e-health has now been well established; however, within e-health the area of e-mental health is still new and emerging and scholars and practitioners alike are dubious as to the role for IS/IT and its benefits. We propose using Actor-network Theory (ANT) to assist in understanding the enabling role in e-mental health and we focus on one area of mental health, adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). We focus on Saudi Arabia. Attention to ADHD has begun to gain growing attention from Saudi Arabia healthcare providers and researchers. Currently, there is an estimated 15% of school age children suffering from ADHD. More than half of these children are expected to continue to show the symptoms of ADHD through their adolescence and adulthood. ADHD impacts the quality of life these individuals. Technology has the potential to improve mental health services this can be seen in enabling early intervention or treatment for people with mental health issues. Saudi Arabia is investing heavily in e-health and aiming to build a complete patient electronic record by 2020.
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This section provides a brief background of the use of IS/IT in healthcare in general and then specifically in Saudi Arabia, followed by a definition of e-health and the use of technology in mental health services in general, and ADHD in particular. Finally, the relevance of ADHD in adults and what current non-pharmaceutical treatments are used to treat and manage ADHD in adults is presented.

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