In Inflamation Dietary Inflammatory Index and the Role of Different Diet Types

In Inflamation Dietary Inflammatory Index and the Role of Different Diet Types

Ramazan Mert Atan (University Bandırma Onyedi Eylül, Turkey) and Uğur Günşen (Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3594-3.ch007

Abstract

Inflammation usually occurs as a result of imbalances between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Diet is one of the factors that play a role in their development and prevent them from developing. Therefore, it is important to determine the pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of foods. Diet is an important and modifiable determinant of chronic diseases. There is a lot of scientific evidence to support the fact that foods consumed have positive and negative effects on individuals' health. In addition to being effective whole of diet, it is seen that the food groups contained in the diet affect the inflammatory biomarkers separately. This section provides information about dietary inflammatory index (DII) and diets that are effective on inflammation.
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The Dietary Inflammatory Index

Acute inflammation helps to heal any part of the body after injury, while chronic inflammation is associated with chronic disease states such as cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Plasma levels of inflammatory biomarkers such as CRP, IL-6 or TNF-α are independent predictors of primary and secondary coronary heart disease (Crimarco et al., 2018). According to a study, elevated CRP levels of individuals showed that they predicted the risk of developing chronic diseases such as DM and hypertension in the future more accurately than body mass index (BMI) (Galland, 2010).

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