Information Literacy

Information Literacy

Sulyman Sodeeq Abdulakeem (Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Nigeria), Adeyemi Yusuf Abiodun (University of Ilorin, Nigeria) and Kolawole Adebayo Abel (Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9825-1.ch012

Abstract

This chapter distinguished the concept of information and literacy before it proceeded to discuss extensively the concept of information literacy, which is the ability to access, evaluate, organize, and use information from several information resources. The historical development of IL was as well traced. Some notable components of IL such as identifying, finding, evaluating, application, and acknowledgement were explained. The chapter went further and elucidated the qualities of an information literate person. Lastly, benefits and challenges of IL were discussed, and a conclusion followed appropriately.
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Introduction: Concept Of Information And Literacy

Information is a resource that has varied definitions according to the format, and media used to package or transfer it, as well as the discipline that defines it (Lau, 2006). Hornby (2010) defines information as fact or details about somebody or something.

Information as it is notably addressed by people as a set of processed data. It is the end product of processed and analyzed data, which contains meaning when communicated. According to Reitz (2004), information is data presented in a readily comprehensible form to which meaning has been attributed within a context for its use.

From the point of Kolawole and Igwe (2010), information is new ideas or knowledge extracted from environment for human use with the aim of modifying behavior, effecting changes, and enhancing efficiency in all human endeavors. It is invaluable in planning, decision making and execution of programs. It has become an indispensable instrument for human survival as globalization beckons.

Uhegbu (2007) affirmed that hardly can you mention the word 'information' without somebody, especially the educated, understanding it from their various backgrounds. The definitions above justified that information may be fact or details that are packaged or transfer with the aim of enlightening, educating or improving someone's views, impressions or attitudes about something.

Though, the nomenclature or context at which information is mentioned may differ, but the term will manifest when people of the same interests or ideas are in need of something that will assist them in clarifying confusion or uncertainty, which is expected to provide details at the right time.

Literacy simply means the ability to read and write (Hornby, 2010). It is the ability to read, write and understand with minimum proficiency. Literacy is the act of being able to read, write, comprehend at the lowest level. It is the ability to possess minimum level of orientation about something. It implies a set of skills to identify, examine and decide in a particular situation or context, what are to be done to achieve desired results.

Frankel, Rowe, Becker and Pearson (2016) defined literacy as the process of using reading, writing, and oral language to extract, construct, integrate, and critique meaning through interaction and involvement with multimodal texts in the context of socially situated practices.

By integrating these concepts (information and literacy), it is easier for one to note that it will become another phrase or term, which has to carry a uniform meaning, regardless of the nature of purpose, nomenclature or context. This therefore, make information literacy a term that is all embracing, regardless of where it is mentioned.

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Objectives Of The Chapter

This chapter is prepared with the following objectives:

  • To contribute to the stream of literature existing on information literacy.

  • To show how information literacy is an encompassing concept that goes beyond library and education.

  • To enlighten readers on the various skills, techniques and abilities required to become an information literate person.

  • To reveal the opportunities attached to the learning and cultivation of information literacy skills and how those skills can be applied to all aspects of human endeavors, as well as sustain it as life-long learner.

  • To compile events, issues, policies, decisions and actions that are significant to the global acceptance and usage of information literacy so far.

  • To identify issues, procedures and problems affecting the growth and expansion of information literacy beyond its current shores.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Zurkowski, P. G.: He was the Chairman of the Software and Information Industry Association, who used the term to differentiate between “literate” and “information illiterates” in a report he prepared on behalf of the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science.

Information Literacy Standards: These are tested, proven and acceptable guidelines, principles, frameworks or models formulated and implemented by bodies or stakeholders concerned with information literacy.

Lifelong Learning: It is the ability of an information literate individual to make quest for learning, improving his skills, competencies and techniques as ways of living for a lifetime.

ALA Presidential Committee: This was a body of individuals constituted in 1987 by government of the United States and charged with the responsibilities of defining, designing and determining some issues about information literacy.

Information Literacy Components: These are the distinct skills, techniques or abilities of information literate individuals, which at various levels indicating how information literate individuals can optimize information for desired purpose.

Information Literacy: It is the minimal but complementary abilities, skills or competencies of identifying when there is need for information; understanding the sources for finding and techniques of evaluating information, and using information in compliance with ethical and legal requirements.

Information Literacy Qualities: These involve the skills of an information literate individual to efficiently and effectively handle information for desired purpose.

Information: This is the end product of processed and analyzed data, which contained meaning when communicated.

Literacy: It is the ability to possess minimum level of orientation about something. It involved a set of skills to identify, examine and decide in a particular situation or context, what is to be done to achieve desired result.

Information Literacy Instructors: These are practitioners in the information industry. These people are saddled with the responsibilities sensitizing and imparting information literacy skills on the citizens.

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