International Student Mobility in Indian Higher Education

International Student Mobility in Indian Higher Education

Sanjay Krishnapratap Pawar
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2560-8.ch004
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The need to support International Student Mobility has been globally accepted and has been actively promoted by some countries. India is a prominent source country of international students to many leading host countries. As compared to the large number of Indian students studying abroad the number of international students studying in India is low and this is a matter of concern. It is therefore imperative that a concerted and well laid out strategy is put in place to attract international students to Indian campuses. The purpose of this chapter is to study the ongoing policy initiatives aimed at enhancing international student mobility in Indian higher education, to list and analyze international student mobility trends, and to discuss the way forward by specifically identifying aspects that would act as enablers to international student inflow into Indian higher education institutions.
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In the ancient times education centers based in the Indian subcontinent like Nalanda, Vikramshila and Takshila have been known to have attracted students from other neighboring regions. Nalanda is said to have been a Buddhist center for learning where Hsuan Tsang, the famous pilgrim from China came to study and teach in the 7th Century AD. In the later centuries the Universities of Bologna, Paris and Oxford gained prominence as centers of learning and are known to have attracted students from across Europe and from other regions. Presently, the Indian higher education sector is one of the largest in the world in terms of enrollment. By 2020, India will have the largest tertiary age population in the world (United Nations Population division, 2012 as citied in British Council, 2014 p.8) and so this puts India as top priority for leading education providers across the globe. As per the AISHE Report 2013-14 (All India Survey on Higher Education, 2015a, pp.1-2), the total enrollment in higher education has been estimated to be 32.3 million with a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher education of 23.0 which could potentially translate into more Indian students becoming internationally mobile.

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