Multifaceted Applications of the Internet of Things

Multifaceted Applications of the Internet of Things

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7368-5.ch086
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This chapter determines the overview of the internet of things (IoT) and the multifaceted applications of the IoT. The IoT is made up of hardware and software technologies. The IoT describes a world in which everyday objects are connected to a network so that data can be shared. The IoT refers to the networking of physical objects through the use of embedded sensors, actuators, and other devices that can collect and transmit information about the objects. The data amassed from these devices can be analyzed to optimize products, services, and operations. For the IoT to flourish, interoperability must apply across all parts of the system, including the transmission networks and the data being transmitted. The IoT enables the multifaceted applications ranging from the micro to the macro, and from the trivial to the critical perspectives.
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The IoT is a paradigm where everyday objects can be equipped with identifying, sensing, networking, and processing the capabilities that will allow them to communicate with one another and with other devices and services over the Internet to accomplish the strategic goals (Whitmore, Agarwal, & Xu, 2015). Mashal et al. (2015) indicated that different types of smart devices are interconnected and communicate via Internet Protocol that creates a worldwide ubiquitous and pervasive network called the IoT.

With the emergence of Internet Protocol-related IoT devices (Shelby & Bormann, 2009) and the concept of embedded Web services (Shelby, 2010), enterprise level applications (e.g., business processes) are extended (Caracas, 2012) to optimize their execution by collecting the real-time information provided by the IoT devices. Business process modeling (BPM) methodologies provide business users with the ability to model their business processes and to implement business models (Kasemsap, 2016a). Logistics efficiency (Guinard, Trifa, Karnouskos, Spiess, & Savio, 2010), safety processes for storing hazardous materials (Mahlknecht & Madani, 2007), and the remote patient monitoring (Yao, Chu, & Li, 2012) are the major IoT applications.

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