Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming

Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming

Jânio M. Monteiro (ISE, University of Algarve Portugal/INOV, Portugal), Rui S. Cruz (Instituto Superior Técnico/INESC-ID/INOV, Portugal), Charalampos Z. Patrikakis (Technological Education Institute of Piraeus, Greece), Nikolaos C. Papaoulakis (National Technical University of Athens, Greece), Carlos T. Calafate (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain) and Mário S. Nunes (Instituto Superior Técnico/INESC-ID/INOV, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6114-1.ch008
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Abstract

The Internet as a video distribution medium has seen a tremendous growth in recent years. Currently, the transmission of major live events and TV channels over the Internet can easily reach hundreds or millions of users trying to receive the same content using very distinct receiver terminals, placing both scalability and heterogeneity challenges to content and network providers. In private and well-managed Internet Protocol (IP) networks these types of distributions are supported by specially designed architectures, complemented with IP Multicast protocols and Quality of Service (QoS) solutions. However, the Best-Effort and Unicast nature of the Internet requires the introduction of a new set of protocols and related architectures to support the distribution of these contents. In the field of file and non-real time content distributions this has led to the creation and development of several Peer-to-Peer protocols that have experienced great success in recent years. This chapter presents the current research and developments in Peer-to-Peer video streaming over the Internet. A special focus is made on peer protocols, associated architectures and video coding techniques. The authors also review and describe current Peer-to-Peer streaming solutions.
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Background

Systems behaving in a peer-to-peer fashion have existed since the very beginning of the Internet, but not connoted from what is currently called by P2P.

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