Regional Innovation System in Lower Silesia: Key role of Wroclaw Research Centre EIT Plus Ltd.

Regional Innovation System in Lower Silesia: Key role of Wroclaw Research Centre EIT Plus Ltd.

Miroslaw Miller (Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2116-9.ch007
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Abstract

Knowledge Based Economy is the key to realize the Lisbon strategy for Europe on global and regional scale. Wroclaw’s EIT Plus strategy will stimulate knowledge-intensive growth of Wroclaw and the Lower Silesia region by concerted effort of the knowledge triangle stakeholders. The cooperation with the neighbouring regions will contribute to establishing a significant knowledge-based economy region in this part of Central Europe and, consequently, should also lead to strengthening the economic position of Poland. EIT Plus Programme refers to the goals of the visionary EC initiative to establish the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. Initial financing for the EIT Plus Programme of ca 200 Mio. € comes from the EU structural funds for 2008-2014. Several core projects for implementation of the EIT Plus programme have been prepared by a new entity, Wroclaw Research Centre EIT Plus Ltd being a company established in 2008 by the City of Wroclaw, the Lower Silesia Region and Wroclaw universities.
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The Eit Plus Programme: Wroclaw As A European City Of Science

On 14th February 2006 the Government of the Republic of Poland adopted an allocation strategy for the EU cohesion funds available for Poland in the years 2007-13. The EU funds are expected to significantly strengthen the pro-innovative nature of Polish economy. For this to happen, the development strategy of Poland has to be closely linked to the regional development strategy. The EIT Plus programme developed in Wroclaw (Langer, 2011) is a concrete implementation proposal of the national development strategy on both the metropolitan and regional level.

An important part of the programme was to develop Wroclaw infrastructure to potentially host the EIT’s head office as well as at least one of the nodes of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. This has been reflected in the proposed name of the programme – „EIT Plus”. The key objective of the programme is to optimise the use of the city’s and the region’s social and financial resources in accordance with the Lisbon Strategy, i.e. adapting development strategies to knowledge-based economy and knowledge society goals.

Poland was one of the first Member States of the EU that actively supported the idea of setting up the European Institute of Innovation and Technology as early as in April 2005. Soon after the initial proposal was formulated, Wroclaw community embedded the EIT bid with a broader context of a development programme integrating scientific, education and innovation sectors. The regional strategy provides for using the EIT principles as a basis for its own operations (the three elements of the knowledge triangle). Wroclaw finally lost its battle to host the headquarters of EIT, but this goal was not a precondition for the implementation of the EIT Plus programme. The development of research institutions, higher education system and business sector regionally under EIT Plus was actually the key goal of the initiative (Kaleta, Miller(2), 2006), (Kaleta, 2007). It should be mentioned, that from 2011 Wroclaw is hosting another prestigious scientific organization, Academia Europaea (http://www.wroclaw.pl/academia_europeae.dhtml). Wroclaw’s office, apart from the one in London, was opened in December 2011.

The EIT Plus Programme consists of several projects aiming at development of a knowledge-based economy in Wroclaw and the whole region. The projects are addressed to different social groups playing an important role in the education-research-innovation triangle: pupils and teachers, engineers, students, academic circles, business and innovative enterprises. Some of the flagship projects being implemented within the framework of the EIT Plus Programme are listed below:

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