Session Initiation Protocol

Session Initiation Protocol

Ilija Basicevic (Faculty of Technology Sciences, Novisad, Serbia) and Miroslav Popovic (Faculty of Technology Sciences, Novisad, Serbia)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-993-9.ch075
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With the appearance of the Internet as an important communications medium for widespread everyday use, which can be dated to the mid 90s, a need to establish a signalization protocol for multimedia communications was recognized. There were two major proposals: SIP by the Internet community, and H.323 by ITU-T.

Key Terms in this Chapter

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions): Message representation protocol.

ITU-T: International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Standardization Sector.

SCTP: Transport level protocol, used on the Internet.

TLS (Transport Layer Security): Protocol that provides privacy and data integrity.

PSTN/ISDN: Standards of fixed telephony adopted by ITU-T.

XML (Extensible Markup Language): Restricted form of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML, ISO 8879).

IN: Telecommunications network architecture standardized by ITU-T.

H.323: The name refers to a set of protocols adopted by ITU-T, aimed at providing multimedia communications in packet networks.

UTF-8: 8-bit Unicode Transformation Format. Encoding standard used in Internet.

3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project): An organization that develops and promotes standards for third generation mobile phone systems.

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