The Discourse of Turkish Press on 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections and the Inauguration of Donald Trump

The Discourse of Turkish Press on 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections and the Inauguration of Donald Trump

Rengim Sine Nazli (Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Turkey) and Kemal Avci (Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 27
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9312-6.ch007

Abstract

Academic studies that form the basis of critical paradigm are collected around the theme of “ideological mediation of texts in the media.” These studies focus on the news reports as the most influential products of the media. The aforementioned studies emphasize that objectivity, which is the leading notion in traditional journalism, is shaped in favor of the involved parties, and therefore examine the discourse of the news with the aim of revealing these aspects by utilizing a number of methods. This study analyzed how the week following the U.S. Presidential election held on November 8, 2016 and won by Donald Trump; and the week after Trump's inauguration and taking of office after President Barack Obama on January 20, 2017 were portrayed in Turkish newspapers holding different ideological stances. The study utilized van Dijk's Critical Discourse Analysis Method. The front pages of newspapers with different ideological stances such as Sözcü, Sabah and Hürriyet newspapers were taken as the samples of the study. The study results pointed that newspapers shaped their news in line with their ideological expectations as was the case in Sabah newspaper sample. It was also observed that Trump was reported as the boss of the world, the richest US president, racist, Islamophobic and nationalist in other two newspapers included in the study.
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Importance Of The United States Of America For Turkey

Turkey, founded on the heritage of the Ottoman Empire which lost World War I against the countries that included the US, is a state that has adopted contemporary democracy and has a high opinion of secular, modern and contemporary Western values. So, Turkey has internalized its place near the western block in the international community and took its place beside the west in the construction of the new world order whose leadership was led especially by the US after World War II. By entering NATO in 1952, Turkey has become the ally and stakeholder of the US and other modern western members of the NATO which was founded in 1945. Prior to this participation, Turkey decided on the transition to multiparty political regime in 1946 as a result of the prompting and suggestions provided by the US and its allies -the winners of World War I- and the multiparty system began to be practiced with all its institutions and regulations with the 1950 elections. Following World War II, decisions were taken in Turkey as was the case throughout the world to adapt to the new political world order (Balcı, 2017, p. 45-103; Dursun, 2014, p. 279-280).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Language: A consensus among people by using words or signs to in for mothers what they think and hear; any means of expression to Express thoughts and feelings.

Islamophobia: Fear of Islam.

Ideology: Entirety of political, legal, scientific, philosophical, religious, moral, aesthetic thoughts that directs the behavior of a government, a party or a group by forming a political or social doctrine.

Racism: The doctrine that claims that a specific race is superior to other races by reducing the social characteristics of people to their biological and racial characteristics.

Discourse: Way of speaking, way of phrasing, pronunciation.

FETÖ: Gulenist Terror Organization (Fetullah Terror Organization).

Himmet (Benevolence): Intent, meaning, will, prayer, strong desire and request for help. As a term in religious orders, it also means asking for help on material and spiritual matters from God's righteous servants.

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