The Fundamentals of Biomedical Image Processing

The Fundamentals of Biomedical Image Processing

Kirti Raj Bhatele (Rustamji Institute of Technology, India), Vivek Gupta (Rustamji Institute of Technology, India), Kamlesh Gupta (Rustamji Institute of Technology, India) and Prashant Shrivastava (Rustamji Institute of Technology, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5876-7.ch009
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This chapter provides a brief introduction to the various fundamentals and concepts related to the basics of the biomedical image processing. Medical imaging processing comprises various techniques and processes that are used to create images of human body for clinical purposes and medical procedures for the purpose of diagnosis or examination of disease. Digital image processing along with its suitable components and computer-simulated algorithms are implemented using computers to perform the image analysis of digital images. The study of normal anatomy and physiology of human body is made as a part of diagnosis process. Though medical imaging of various organs and tissues can be performed for medical examination purposes, the impact of digital images on modern society is tremendous and image processing has become a critical component of science and technology related to the biomedical image processing.
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Various Modalities Of Medical Imaging

There are number of medical imaging modalities used for different purposes and applications such as ultrasound imaging, mammographic imaging etc. There have been several improvements over the technologies and imaging methods including modern image acquisition systems and sensors with which the medical imaging systems are built. The most commonly used technique for capturing breast X- ray images is Mammography. Although High quality scanners are nowa day’s avalaible but improper radiation still poses problems sometimes and hence, the radiation risk is expected to be negligible (Guy, 2005).

Computer aided diagnosis systems used a digital mammographic image as input image to be analysed from a conventional film mammogram and masses, calcifications or other abnormal areas are detected. The Anomalies present may indicate the presence of cancer. The accuracy of breast cancer detection has been enhanced to a significant level with the advent digital mammographic techniques.

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