The Role of Industrial Development in Nigeria's Transformation From Oil to Cities: The Case of Birnin Kebbi

The Role of Industrial Development in Nigeria's Transformation From Oil to Cities: The Case of Birnin Kebbi

Rabiu Abdullahi Bena
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7625-9.ch016
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Nigeria, as the giant of Africa, is in a state of limbo because of its overreliance on oil money, which retarded its level of growth and development. The discovery of crude oil forced the Nigerian government to shift attention away from agriculture. This neglect of agriculture negatively affected Nigeria as both agriculture and manufacturing activities were halted. Ironically, the growth created by oil revenue was not sustained and directed to the other sectors of the economy for widespread multiplier effects. As declining oil prices reveal the economic weaknesses of the country, there is pressure for Nigeria to seek an alternative means of revenue. Nigeria is now transitioning from oil to industrial cities. It is against this background that this chapter is illustrating how the economy's overdependence on oil is transitioning to a more diversified alternative by transforming cities. This chapter focuses on Birnin Kebbi as a case study for a medium-size city that has huge growth potential.
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Theoretical Review

An overview of urbanization in Nigeria, a brief early history of industrialization, role of industrial policy in the national transformation and the structure of Nigeria’s industrial policy are discussed hereunder to provide the backdrop against which the country’s urban and industrial growth policies should be seen.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Urban Centers: These are places of modernity with secondary social and infrastructural facilities.

Industries: These are units of production based in the Bulasa industrial area.

Growth: This is persistent increase in the economic production of a local economy.

Urbanization: This is the increase in number of people in a given town or city.

Export-Free Zones: These are designated areas for free trades where no tax is applicable for any export and import by manufacturing industries operating in that zone.

Policy: This refers to government decisions backed by an act of legislation.

Bulasa: Is a name of a place on the outskirts of Birnin Kebbi where industrial the area is located.

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