Tourism Policing in a Fourth Wave World

Tourism Policing in a Fourth Wave World

Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7579-5.ch010

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of how technology will change the face of tourism and tourism policing and security. Based on the philosophy of Alvin Toffler, the chapter offers an overview as to where we have come from and how changes in economic production will impact the way tourism security is done in the future.
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The Second Wave

We might call the second great economic wave of production, beginning in the 18th century the “age of the machine”. This wave was marked by the Industrial revolution. Until the coming of the machine age, production and wealth were unable to go beyond the limits of human and animal strength. In the second wave, machine power permitted humanity’s going far beyond the confines of human and animal power. This second wave permitted the concept of mass production to come into being and created the potentiality for goods that were not only in reach of the wealthy but also of the masses. The carmaker Henry Ford’s famous statement regarding the public’s choice of colors for his Model T Ford perhaps best sums up the basis of second wave economies. Ford states that the public can have a car in any “color that it desires so long as it is black.” The second wave provided the developed world with an economy based on mass production and aimed at the masses. Ford epitomized the industrial revolution when in commenting on the “any color” statement he stated: “I will build a motor car for the great multitude. It will be large enough for the family but small enough for the individual to run and care for. The best men to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering can devise will construct it out of the best materials. But it will be so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one - and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God’s great open spaces.” (Wikapedia, n.d.). These second wave societies provided a great number of affordable goods to an ever more complex society. The fact that the second wave permitted travel and wealth accumulation meant that there would be new challenges posed by those who chose to live outside of the social contract. In the world of tourism and tourism security, these choices would force law enforcement and security personnel to deal not only with the protection of the few members of the elite who chose to travel, but also now with mass tourism and the need to protect great numbers of travelers.

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