Tourists Income and Its Implications on Spending Pattern: An Empirical Analysis for Tourism Market Infrastructure of Sikkim

Tourists Income and Its Implications on Spending Pattern: An Empirical Analysis for Tourism Market Infrastructure of Sikkim

Debasish Batabyal (Pailan School of International Studies, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2041-2.ch006


The alpine Indian State Sikkim represents nearly hundreds of Himalayan hill stations in India and other South Asian countries. Tourism is the most important phenomenon in almost all alpine states where leisure and recreations are predominating. Most of those destinations are also leaning more towards sustainable tourism practices as these are in a continuum starting from high intensity mass tourism to less intensity adventure and special interest tourism. The present article is a study clarifying the degree of performance and sustainability of tourist spending with a wider dimension of income and its relationship with some core tourism variables viz. the duration of stay, purpose of visit, optional excursion, group numbers and future visit.
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Sikkim is a small hilly state, bounded by vast stretches of Tibetan plateau in the North, the Chumbi Valley and the kingdom Bhutan in the East, the kingdom of Nepal in the west and Darjeeling (West Bengal) in the South. Its latitude is 27030l north and the longitude is 88030l east. Sikkim is famous for scenic valleys forest, snow clad mountains, magnificent Buddhist culture and heritage and peace-loving people. Though small, the environmental, social and cultural diversities are not so. Some scholars believe that the word Sikkim involves Nepalese dialect and it refers to a ‘now place’ or the term has been derived from a Sanskrit word which means a ‘mountain crest’. The people of Sikkim have ethnic diversity. The Bhutias came from Tibet, the Lepchas were the aboriginal community and the Nepalese came from Nepal. When Sikkim was an independent state it faced many invasion by its neighboring countries and the king took the help of the British India and, later, gifted some of its region including Darjeeling to the British India. Now this 22nd Indian State (joined Indian Union in 1975) has Over 81% of the total geographical area under the administrative managerial control of the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India. Over 45% of the total geographical area of the state is under tree cover and nearly 34% of the geographical area is set aside as protected area network in the form of national park and wildlife sanctuary. The basic statistics of flora and fauna are given in Table 1.

Table 1.
Flora and fauna of Sikkim
Mammals144 species
Birds550 species
Butterflies and Moths650 species
Reptiles33 species
Frogs16 species
Orchids550 species,95 Genera
Rhododendrons36 species, 45 varieties
Flowering PlantsOver 4000 species
Ferns and Allies300 species
Conifers9 species
Medicinal plantsNot enumerated

Source: Economic Survey 2006-07, Govt. of Sikkim

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