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What is Community Involvement

Handbook of Research on Technoethics
A process where communities work collaboratively with the research team in decision-making, problem-solving and implementation of projects and programmes.
Published in Chapter:
Community Education in New HIV Prevention Technologies Research
Busi Nkala (Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, South Africa)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-022-6.ch022
An estimated 39.5 million people are living with HIV worldwide. There were 4.3 million new infections in 2006 with 2.8 million (65%) of these occurring in sub-Saharan Africa with important increases in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, where there are some indications that infection rates have risen by more than 50% since 2004. In 2006, 2.9 million people died of AIDS-related illnesses (UNAIDS, 2006). The continued increase in new HIV infection is a call for concern. It is imperative that more innovative ways of combating the infections are found sooner. There is an enormous body of evidence that HIV infection is caused mainly by sexual contact. There is also undisputed evidence that there are other contributing factors such as extreme poverty, survival sex, gender inequality, lack of education, fatalism, religious barriers and others. This chapter seeks to support the need to do more research in finding new technologies and innovative ways of dealing with the spread of HIV. The chapter suggests that the involvement of researched communities be effectively involved. Involving communities in finding solutions will help, in that research protocols and health programmes will take into account the cultural acceptability of the new technologies and systems and ensure that recipients of health services become effective organs of change. The chapter seeks to highlight the fact that, if the recipients are involved in all stages of development of health programmes, including technologies, we may begin to see changes in how new technologies are taken up or may shift toward getting technologies that are acceptable. There are various suggested and implemented ways which aid in achieving the protection for individuals and communities; such as community involvement, community participation and community education (Collins, 2002; Gupta 2002), this chapter will focus on community education and a proposal for a community principle.
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Community Participation as an Integral Part of the Biological, Psychosocial, and Social Aspects of the Management of Diseases and Illnesses
Is the process whereby the community members are allowed to identify and define their own health needs, develop a course of actions on how these needs may be met and cooperatively decide on the desired outcomes.
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Support for Rural Entrepreneurs by Universidad EAN: Impacta Rural Modality of the EAN Impacta Program
The active participation of community members in decision-making processes and activities that affect their lives and well-being.
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The Role of Urban Green Spaces in the Transformation of Community Ecosystem in Developing Countries
The active involvement of people living in one locality in the process of improving the quality of an urban environment.
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Bridging the Gulf Between the Campus and Workplace: The Role of English-Oriented Student Bodies
A strategy of education which underlines the interconnection between students and their community.
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