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What is Exercise

Encyclopedia of Healthcare Information Systems
An activity performed in order to increase motor control.
Published in Chapter:
Interactive Video Game-Based Tool for Dynamic Rehabilitation Movements
Aimee L. Betker (University of Manitoba, Canada), Tony Szturm (University of Manitoba, Canada), and Zahra Moussavi (University of Manitoba, Canada)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-889-5.ch099
In being seated, standing, and walking, many uncontrollable factors contribute to the degradation of our balance system. The maintenance of balance involves many essential sensory (visual, vestibular, and somatosensory) and motor processes. Each sensory input provides unique internal and external reference frame information to the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS interprets the sensory information, from which preplanned and/or preventative (feedforward controls) and corrective (feedback controls) actions can be taken and conflicting sensory information can be mediated (Peterka, 2002). In the absence of a sensory input, balance can still be maintained; however, the compensatory actions become larger and different balance strategies may be employed. Serious problems facing older adults and many people with neurological disorders (e.g., stroke, traumatic head injuries, incomplete spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and osteoarthritis) are balance impairment, mobility restriction, and falling (Gill et al., 2001; Harris, Eng, Marigold, Tokuno, & Louis, 2005). In these cases, even small disturbances may result in a fall and injuries are very likely to occur. This increased risk of falling combined with mobility limitations precipitates patient dependency in instrumental and basic activities of daily living; in turn, this results in reduced levels of physical activity.
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Web-Based Psychotherapy and Exercise Interventions for Depressive and Anxiety Disorders
A systematically planned and structured subcategory of physical activity that aims at the improvement and maintenance of physical fitness components.
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Study on the Impact of Long Working Hours on the Mental and Physical Health of IT Sector Employees
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Choose Health: Tools for a Healthy Lifestyle
By taking the time to exercise, people receive numerous benefits which improve health. Experts at the Mayo Clinic and the American College of Sports Medicine list specific exercise guidelines discussed in this chapter of the intensity and frequency of exercise for people to follow to achieve the best results.
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The Management of Cancer and Depression in People With Intellectual Disabilities: Overcoming Barriers to Improve Care
Is a physical activity (PA) that aims to enhance and maintain a subject’s physical fitness. Usually, PA is structured and planned to fit the individual needs.
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Making Exergames Appealing: An Assessment of Commercial Exergames
How much physical energy is required to complete the challenges or mini-games (approximately average result)?
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Gaming and Simulation in Public Education: Teaching Others to Help Themselves and Their Neighbors
A complex and formal version of a drill(s) normally involving more than one stakeholder. An example would be a school fire drill that includes the school, fire department, police department or other stakeholders.
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