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What is IV PL (4PLTM)

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Fourth Party Logistics Provider. The operation of end-to-end coordination and management of a logistics chain by direction to 3PL operators and often including the use of large scale IT systems that drive management, reporting, and scheduling activities. IV PL operators need not operate any 3PL activities themselves.
Published in Chapter:
E-Logistics: The Slowly Evolving Platform Undrepinning E-Business
Kim Hassall (University of Melbourne, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch214
By 1998, arguably some four years after the Internet’s general user beginnings, many commentators did not doubt that Internet based home shopping was on its way to revolutionize our lives. At the margin, it certainly allowed us another purchasing channel and for many retailers some 5% to 12% of differing goods is now done through an “e-store” or “emarketplace”. (Visser & Hassall, 2005). However, by 2001 a range of major e-business summits, perhaps very notable being the 44 nation OECD hosted e-transport and e-logistics summit in Paris (June, 2001), was beginning to demolish the euphoria of B2C. In its basic state, B2C was a very marginal business. But what of B2B? Yes, it is a bigger sector but how were the business rules and logistics strategies shaping up for network design, e-marketplace use, and logistic fulfilment changing when compared to the rapidly evolving B2C environment? The ICT sector rapidly began to assemble a host of B2B applications for Supply Chain Management and despite the “tech wreck” occurring towards the end of 2001, these highly expensive suites of products found some traction over the next three to four years. So, initially, the development of large logistics software packages such as I2, Baan, Descartes, and so forth, were offerings that the B2B sectors availed themselves of. However, besides the ICT developments in the B2B space, the evolution of new logistics strategies would prove themselves to be good, bad, and various shades in between, when examining the full end to end (E2E) e-business operations. Since 2001, a tide of interest has turned towards the adoption of fit for purpose e-logistic models to support the end to end functionality of e-business. Hassall (2003) describes a detailed survey for the international Postal Authorities as to what new e-logistics and e-business strategies should be developed. These ranged from new householder delivery choices, to global e-marketplaces being developed. Why this survey was important was because the global postal authorities are the largest combined B2C operator and also a growing B2B logistics supplier.
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