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What is Urban Environment

Digital Transformation and Sustainable Development in Cities and Organizations
Physical, social, and cultural surroundings within a city which shelters the built environment, the social dynamics, the economic activities, and the overall lifestyle of dwellers.
Published in Chapter:
Sustainable Smart Cities: A Step Beyond
María del Mar Martínez-Bravo (University of Almería, Spain) and Ana Labella-Fernández (University of Almería, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/979-8-3693-3567-3.ch006
Research on sustainable cities, smart cities, and, more recently, sustainable smart cities has gained great traction due to the current grand challenges that cities face. However, even if there are diverse and somehow coherent definitions available for sustainable cities and for smart cities, the definition of sustainable smart cities and the theoretical framework behind it remain underexplored. This gap hinders the effective deployment of policies and initiatives that successfully led cities to be sustainable and smart. The present study aims to address the ambiguity behind the term “sustainable smart cities” and to broaden the scope of the concept by suggesting that sustainable smart cities must be sustainability-coherent, consider limited growth and maximized awareness, and include the combination of bottom-up and top-down initiatives. This study aims to nurture the literature on urban sustainability and smartness and to give guidance for policy and decision makers in their journey towards sustainable smart cities.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
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Health Effects of Air Pollution in Urban Environment
Urban environment is defined as ecosystem of an urban area in which the urban residents interact with biotic and abiotic factors.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
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