Asia-Pacific Students' Awareness and Behaviour Regarding Social Networking in the Education Sector

Asia-Pacific Students' Awareness and Behaviour Regarding Social Networking in the Education Sector

Tomayess Issa (Curtin University, Perth, Australia), Sulaiman Alqahtani (Curtin University, Perth, Australia), Theodora Issa (Curtin University, Perth, Australia), Noorminshah A. Iahad (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Malaysia), Peldon Peldon (Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan), Sooyoung Kim (Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea), Samant Saurabh (Indian Institute of Technology, Jharkhand, India), Sumaiya Pervaizz (Curtin University, Perth, Australia) and Sun Joo Yoo (Seowon University, Cheongju, Korea)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/JGIM.2019100106
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Social networking (SN) technology has been presented to human beings as a means of communicating, collaborating, connecting, and cooperating to exchange knowledge, skills, news, chat, and to maintain contact with peers world-wide. This article examines SN awareness in the Asia-Pacific (AP) education sector (ES) with a specific focus on the advantages and disadvantages of SN; and investigated whether AP culture influences SN adoption by the ES. An online survey was distributed to 1014 AP students and a total of 826 students responded. Several new advantages of adoption emerged from the data analysis. SN enabled students to accomplish their study tasks more quickly; it allowed them to communicate and collaborate with peers world-wide; and it fostered sustainability. The disadvantages perceived by students include depression, loneliness, and distraction, lack of interest in pursuing traditional activities, and security and privacy concerns. Finally, culture does influence SN adoption by ES institutions in AP countries.
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2. Social Networking In The Higher Education

In the 21st century, SN has become an essential tool that allows stakeholders ranging from individuals to organisations to communicate, connect, collaborate and cooperate with their peers, colleagues or community both locally and globally in order to exchange knowledge and useful information. Social networking websites and services include Myspace, Facebook, YouTube, LinkedIn, Twitter, Wikis, Blogs and Podcasts, Instant Messaging, Mashups and Virtual World. They allow stakeholders to interact, intermingle, share and communicate, and to exchange opinions, advice and philosophies regarding numerous subjects (De-Marcos, Domínguez, Saenz-de-Navarrete, & Pagés, 2014; DeKay, 2009; Holmes & O'loughlin, 2014; Park, Kee, & Valenzuela, 2009; Waters, Burnett, Lamm, & Lucas, 2009).

The education sector in the Asia-Pacific region has started to integrate SN especially in assessments and learning/teaching activities. One reason for this implementation is that it allows students to become independent learners and enhance their professional and personal skills which are needed for their current studies and for their future in the workforce. Furthermore, the most important reason for this implementation is that SN can make classes more interactive, creative and engaging, fostering a friendly and close rapport between students and lecturer.

By the same token several authors (Durak, 2017; Gülbahar, Rapp, Kilis, & Sitnikova, 2017) indicate that using SN in higher education will enhance communication, collaboration, participation and sharing information and discussion with colleagues and peers. Furthermore, SN will promote and enhance critical thinking and decision making and facility personalized learning.

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