Development of Informational Cities in Japan: A Regional Comparison

Development of Informational Cities in Japan: A Regional Comparison

Kaja Fietkiewicz (Department of Information Science at the Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany) and Sandra Pyka (Department of Information Science at the Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/ijksr.2014010106
OnDemand PDF Download:
$30.00
List Price: $37.50

Abstract

This article presents the concept of Informational City – the city of 21st century with its highly developed digital, knowledge or creative infrastructures as well as other important aspects contributing to its informativeness. The authors have selected four Japanese cities as the best candidates for (emerging) Informational Cities and investigated data referring to them in order to determine if they indeed can be labelled as Informational Cities. The authors compared the four cities – Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka and Kyoto, and made a ranking of them in regard to their level of informativeness.
Article Preview

Categories And Indicators

All the types of cities listed above can be unified in the concept of the ICs and an extensive catalogue of indicators to measure the degree of cities’ informativeness was introduced by Stock (2011). According to Stock (2011), ICs are World Cities, Knowledge Cities, and Creative Cities with highly developed ICT infrastructures. ICs should also be Smart Cities, enhancing the quality of life and promoting sustainable energy solutions. Furthermore, ICs are characterised by a distinct labour market and corporate structure as well as some negative social consequences like the job polarization. Moreover, the urban development of the ICs should be supported by political initiatives as well as the strong interaction between the government and citizens. These aspects are investigated in the context of the e-Governance and e-Government in the city. Finally, the ICs have a “magnet effect”, which is created not only by the hard location factors but also the soft location factors, e.g. shopping malls, leisure facilities, and architainment (Stock, 2011; Yeoh & Chang, 2001). Basing our work on these characteristics, we formulated indicators to investigate for each category of an IC.

Complete Article List

Search this Journal:
Reset
Volume 8: 4 Issues (2017)
Volume 7: 4 Issues (2016)
Volume 6: 4 Issues (2015)
Volume 5: 4 Issues (2014)
Volume 4: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2012)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2011)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2010)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing