Indian Textile Industry and Its Impact on the Environment and Health: A Review

Indian Textile Industry and Its Impact on the Environment and Health: A Review

Hasanuzzaman (Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India) and Chandan Bhar (Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJISSS.2016100103


Continuous development and automation has improved the production of Indian textile industry. As a result, more and more raw materials demands have adversely affect the environment. In this study the effects of Indian textile industry on environment and human health are reviewed and concluded that textile mechanical process mainly affects the environment of the workplace by the way of producing heavy noise and cotton dust. While fiber formation and chemical processing has vast negative impact on outside world that pollutes land, water, air and emits hazardous byproduct which indirectly promotes acid rain and global warming.
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Impact Of Fiber Formation

In textile industry, fibers used are mainly of two types i.e. natural and manmade. Natural fibers are cultivated naturally and manmade fiber, marketed as synthetic fiber, are regenerated from natural resources or produced from chemicals.

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