The Effect of CALL-Based Instruction on Students' Score Attainment on the TOEFL iBT in a Yemeni Context

The Effect of CALL-Based Instruction on Students' Score Attainment on the TOEFL iBT in a Yemeni Context

Mohialdeen Alotumi (Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen)
DOI: 10.4018/IJCALLT.2018010104

Abstract

This article is an action research of quasi-experimental nature. It aims at investigating the effect of CALL-based instruction on Yemeni students' score attainment on the TOEFL iBT. The sample of study consisted of 30 adult students randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Data was collected within an 8-week period via a pretest-posttest design for equivalent groups. The experimental group participants were also interviewed to elicit data about their attitudes towards CALL. The findings of the study indicated that there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group (trained with CALL) and the control group (trained conventionally) in the total gain scores, as well as in the section gain scores of reading, listening, speaking and writing. The findings also showed that the participants in the experimental group held positive attitudes towards CALL. Therefore, it is highly recommended that CALL should be fully integrated into TOEFL iBT preparation programmes.
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Purpose Of The Study

The study aims at investigating the effect of CALL on students’ achievement on the TOEFL iBT. The key question in the study is “what is the impact of CALL-based instruction on Yemeni EFL students’ score attainment on the TOEFL iBT?” To find answers, the researcher posited the following sub-questions:

  • 1.

    Is there any significant difference in the gain scores between Yemeni EFL students trained by CALL-based instruction and Yemeni EFL students trained by conventional instruction with reference to:

    • TOEFL iBT total gain scores;

    • TOEFL iBT reading gain scores;

    • TOEFL iBT listening gain scores;

    • TOEFL iBT speaking gain scores; and

    • TOEFL iBT writing gain scores.

  • 2.

    What are the Yemeni EFL students’ attitudes towards the use of CALL for TOEFL training in the TOEFL iBT preparation programs in Yemen?

Significance Of The Study

This study is the first of its kind investigating the effect of CALL on Yemeni students’ achievement on the TOEFL iBT. Therefore, it provides research-based findings on the effect of using CALL in the TOEFL iBT preparation programs in the country.

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