The Play Theory and Computer Games Using in Early Childhood Education

The Play Theory and Computer Games Using in Early Childhood Education

Svetlana Gerkushenko (Early Childhood Education Department, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation) and Georgy Gerkushenko (CAD Department, Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/ijgbl.2014070105
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Abstract

The article describes the role of play in child's development and identifies the characteristics of mature play in preschool age. The paper gives an overview of the computer games for preschool children used in Russian kindergartens. The research conducted with 50 Russian kindergarten teachers provides the analysis of the most important factors of computer programs selection made by teachers for their classroom activities. It is analyzed whether the factors concern the theory of children's play and whether the kindergarten teachers need the scaffolding program for choosing computer games appropriate for children's development. It is described the essence of the scaffolding program. They are formulated the criteria for evaluating computer games to make classroom activities developmentally appropriate.
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1. Motivation

In 2011 International Center for the Childhood and education of Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University started the project “Childhood without borders”. One of the objectives of the project was to support innovative practices in preschool education. The project had a number of subprojects which were oriented to different areas of children’s development. One of subproject realized cooperatively with Volgograd State Technical University was dedicated to using Information and Communication technologies in kindergarten. Main participants were teachers from municipal kindergartens. Totally 10 kindergartens were involved in the project. The essence of this subproject was in complex analysis of using computer games in kindergarten for improvement of children’s development. The area of problems we investigated was the competent scaffolding of children’s play activity as the necessary tool for their learning and development.

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