The Triple Helix Approach for the Creation of a Knowledge Society

The Triple Helix Approach for the Creation of a Knowledge Society

Danilo Piaggesi (International Knowledge Economy Program (IKEP), FRAmericas, Alexandria, VA, USA) and Dianne Davis (International Council for Caring Communities (ICCC), New York, NY, USA)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/IJKSR.2015070103
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Abstract

In the present society, we are experiencing a convergence and crossing-over of three worlds which were previously separated: public research, business and governments; this convergence is represented by the Triple Helix model. It refers to a spiral model of innovation that captures multiple reciprocal relationships among institutional settings (public, private and academic) at different stages in the capitalization of knowledge. This paper presents a good practice of “The International Council for Caring Communities” (ICCC) that, in our opinion, represents a Triple Helix approach in action. ICCC in fact, since 1995 has been addressing social and economic issues with a method based on the cooperation efforts of non-traditional groups of decision makers and experts from government, international organizations, local authorities, the private sector, academia, health organizations and related industries.
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1. Information And Communication Technology (Ict) And Development

The rapid advances and pervasive diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT), combined with the growth of the Internet have led to deep transformations in economic, social and institutional structures. ICT applications affect the performance of businesses and the efficiency of markets, foster the empowerment of citizens and communities as well as their access to knowledge, and contribute to strengthening and redefining governance processes at all institutional levels. Indeed, ICT is changing the way people live and do business globally, and is creating new social and economic development opportunities especially for lower-income populations, by enlarging markets and facilitating greater access to information, public services and economic activity.

Numerous studies have focused on the direct contribution of ICT to socioeconomic development and, while their findings and conclusions vary according to the context and application, there is an overall agreement that access to information and its transformation into knowledge can augment production processes, increase income potential, and improve the living conditions of the poor. ICT is an effective tool that, when supplemented by investments in connectivity and other factors such as innovation, education, health and infrastructure, increases competitiveness and contributes to economic growth, social development and poverty reduction.

ICT solutions can facilitate the participation of lower income populations in the development process by directly tackling relevant aspects, which precisely hinder their integration into social and economic development. In particular: (a) limited knowledge and literacy which impairs access to skills and jobs; (b) poor health and sanitary conditions limiting employability and risk-taking attitudes; (c) active involvement in civic life and strengthening of democratic process; and (d) economic opportunities.

In this respect, the evolution of modern ICT brings about concrete opportunities for enhanced provision of social services and poverty reduction through, among others, distance education and telemedicine solutions, connectivity, and strengthened and more transparent government operations (i.e. e-government). It also provides for the modernization and expansion of the micro-finance sector to effectively reach marginalized and less favored populations through effective technology-based solutions and innovative financial services, thereby creating economic opportunities at the local level.

Inequalities in access to education--especially high-quality education that prepares young people for employment opportunities in an inclusive knowledge society and to become active citizens in complex, market-driven, democratic societies--are a critical barrier to reducing poverty and increasing economic growth. Near-universal access to the Internet via low-cost networks enables teacher training, enhances student access to traditional teaching materials via Internet distribution, and allows the introduction and use of new and advanced multi-media resources and learning tools. The young generation takes readily to computers and such resources, and there is evidence that classroom access to ICT tools can improve learning and help motivate students to stay in school. At the same time, there is evidence that informal learning outside the classroom is strongly enhanced by affordable access to the Internet. This informal learning is driven, in part, by the growing availability of information on the Internet and the increasing organization of such information by search engines, but also by the growing use of interactive systems--from “chat” systems to e-mail and text-messaging to web logs and other interactive web-based systems.

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