Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors

Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors

Tom Francke (Myon, Sweden) and Vladimir Peskov (CERN, Switzerland)
Release Date: April, 2014|Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 303
ISBN13: 9781466660144|ISBN10: 1466660147|EISBN13: 9781466660151|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6014-4


Study of nature and the world around us has been a primary motivation for scientists and researchers for centuries. Advanced methods in the study of elementary particles have led to even greater discoveries in recent years.

Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors focuses on the analysis and use of various gas detection systems, providing a detailed description of some of the most commonly used gas detectors and the science behind them. From early detectors to modern tools and techniques, this book will be of particular use to practitioners and researchers in chemical engineering and materials science, in addition to students and academicians concentrating in the field.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Capillary Gas Detectors
  • Gaseous Electron Multipliers
  • Microdot Detectors
  • Microstrip Gas Counters
  • Multiwire Proportional Counters
  • Operation and maintenance
  • Parallel Plate Detectors
  • Photon Visualization
  • Traditional Gaseous Detectors

Reviews and Testimonials

Francke and Peskov describe micro-pattern detectors, the latest generation of avalanche gaseous detectors. They were invented at the end of the 1980s and differ from earlier avalanche gaseous detectors in being produced by microelectronic technology. The topics include the physics of operation of gaseous detectors and their main designs, pixel and microdot detectors, hole-type gaseous electron multipliers, early designs of micropattern detectors developed between 1998 and 2003, the capability of key micropattern detectors to suppress ion back flow, and a comparison between various designs of micropattern detectors.

– ProtoView Book Abstracts (formerly Book News, Inc.)

[...].T. Francke and V. Peskov, in virtue of the many years of researches on these detectors, bring the reader through a historical excursus on how micro-pattern detectors were conceived and how they have evolved in years, becoming a tracking detector widely used in the present experiments. MSGC, MICROMEGAS, GEM, TGEM, CAT, RPC, PPAC are acronyms which we had heard several times in the last few years and in this book their characteristics and differences are explained with many details and comments in a clear way, as only persons deeply involved are able to explain. A detailed account of the difficulties and limitations in operation is always reported, showing the continuous effort to improve the performances and the quality of these detectors.
The book develops in 12 chapters. After an introduction on the operation of gaseous detectors, the book describes in each chapter a specific group of detectors, each with a useful final section of “Conclusive remarks” and, often, a final section with interesting in-depth analysis on specific topics ( “The ultimate position resolution of MICROMEGAS”, “Can wire chambers compete with a printed circuit detector technology”...).
Particularly interesting are chapter 10 on how micro-pattern detectors may suppress ion-feedback in recent TPC applications, chapter 11 with an exhaustive comparison among the different design and solutions and chapter 12 with the many different possible applications in future experiments.
[...]. In any case, this book represents a huge effort to condensate in a unique volume the hundreds of results and publications concerning these detectors. It is a reference handbook which can be very useful not only to physicists interested in possible applications or in further improvements, but also to students starting to work on micro-pattern tracking detectors.

– Rosario Nania, INFN, Bologna

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Tom Francke is an internationally recognized scientist and entrepreneur, specializing in innovation and development of advanced radiation instruments and other novel technology. For 15 years, Dr. Francke served as a senior scientist in astroparticle physics developing radiation instruments for particle physics experiments and space research, mainly for CERN and NASA. During these years, he served at CERN, Switzerland, CNRS, France, KTH, Sweden, and New Mexico State University, USA. He has since then founded and/or contributed to grow a number of successful companies serving as CEO, CBO, or chairman of the board, including XCounter (listed on AIM of the London Stock Exchange), Super Sonic Imagine (France), Tacton (Sweden), Conflux (Sweden), etc. All these companies have invented and developed advanced new technology, which has been commercialized internationally. Tom Francke is associate professor in particle physics from KTH, Sweden, and has a degree in Business and Administration from Stockholm School of Economics. He is the inventor of 61 patent families, has published more than 100 scientific articles, and received a number of international awards.
Vladimir Peskov is an internationally recognized specialist on instrumentation, plasma diagnostics, and high-energy physics. He was born in the USSR and graduated in 1971 from the Moscow Physical and Technical Institute. He worked at Korolev Space Flight Center (Moscow region) and later (1971-1986) in the Physical Laboratory of the USSR Academy of Sciences led by P.L. Kapitza, where he invented position-sensitive gaseous photodetectors and discovered and investigated new plasma instabilities. In 1976, he obtained a PhD, and in 1981, a Doctor of Science degree (research professor) from the USSR Academy of Sciences. From 1982 until 1992, he worked in the G. Charpak group at CERN. One of his inventions was a gaseous detector combined with CsI photocathodes, which after further developments was used in the high-energy physics experiments ALICE, COMPASS, HADES, and STAR. From 1992 to 1998, he worked in the USA at the Fermi National Laboratory and at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center on instrumentation for high-energy physics and astrophysics. From 1998 to 2004, he served as a guest professor at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, and participated in development of micropattern detectors for medical imaging. From 2004 until 2006, he was professor at the Pole University Leonard de Vinci, Paris. From 2006 until the present time, he is a scientific associate at CERN participating in the ALICE experiment at the LHC.