A Comparative Analysis of the Organic Food Market in Turkey, EU, and US

A Comparative Analysis of the Organic Food Market in Turkey, EU, and US

Bilge Ozturk Goktuna (Galatasaray University, Turkey) and Nazife Merve Hamzaoğlu (MEF University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9837-4.ch023

Abstract

Conventional agriculture has long been criticized about its negative externalities on issues like public health, environment, biodiversity, and all ecological systems on the planet such as environmental pollution, soil erosion, reduction of animal welfare, and negative impacts of GMOs. As an alternative production system to address these problems, organic agriculture has been developed worldwide since the 1970s. In this chapter, an overview of organic agriculture and food market is given and a comparative analysis between organic agricultural markets in EU, US, and Turkey is made after an outlook on the world organic food market. It is seen that EU and US are forthcoming leaders in the organic food market, whilst Turkey remains behind many developed countries in terms of organic production, per capita consumption, and retail sales.
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Development Of Organic Food Market In The World

This section presents an outlook on organic agriculture worldwide and in EU and US in terms of organic lands, livestock, aquaculture and beekeeping, food retail sales and policies. EU and US are chosen as specific subgroups since EU and US are the two most developed single markets in organic food sector worldwide.

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