An Overview of Artificial Intelligence in Education

An Overview of Artificial Intelligence in Education

Molly Y. Zhou, William F. Lawless
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch237
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Main Focus Of The Article

The article focused on AI embedded technology and its application to education. By analyzing the trends, development of AI, and issues in the literature over the last five years, the authors hope the results will shed light on our understanding of AI, and the use of AI technology in education. As revealed in the literature, the use of AI in the form of machine tutors has emerged as a prominent feature. Building on the advances in cognitive science research, AI supported tutoring systems have now become widely available for students, school systems, and home schooling (Chipman, 2010). The article will explore AI tutoring technology.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Constructivist Learning: Implies learning conditioned by activities, a constraint-based learning approach based on education via the individual experiences of a learning activity.

Cognitive Science: The study of cognition or thinking processes in humans, animals, and machines.

Bistability: Two different interpretations of one data base, common to politics, jury decisions and religion.

Artificial Intelligence (AI): The development of computer programs and systems that replace or supplant human intelligence for, among other behaviors, sight, speech, decisions, language translations, and physical movement.

Intelligence: Intelligence has long been thought to be exclusive to the higher-level of thinking associated with humans. Today, it is believed to also occur in animals, fish, plants, and with machines (machine intelligence, an aspect of AI). It includes communication, problem solving, planning and emotional responding.

Learning Styles: The different means of gaining an education in a subject; e.g., assimilation occurs based on prior conceptual structures, compared to accommodation, which requires new structures.

E-Learning: A form of leaning that refers to the broad use of electronic media during the learning process; recently, more and more it has come to mean web-based learning.

Tutoring System: These systems provide instruction to students more or less without human assistance.

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