Changing Expectations of Academic Libraries

Changing Expectations of Academic Libraries

Jennifer Wright (Western Kentucky University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch476
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Background

Most people would say that the digital age was born with the Internet. However, digital technologies are much older than that, dating back to computers built in the 1960s. Libraries at this time were using MARC records, which were digitized and are still in use today (Arms, 2012). Though digital databases and e-books were still far in the future, libraries began using this technology early on to improve the quality of the services that they were offering their patrons. Technology was used to streamline libraries on both the back end and the front end, from the records that catalogers used to the way that patrons found materials in the library. Card catalogs became obsolete as computing power increased and those records were able to be digitized. The libraries still had tons of physical materials for people to use in their research, but the digital catalog helped make it easier for people to find those materials.

In addition, telephones, not traditionally considered digital technology, helped the library answer questions without patrons having to be in the library. This was a marked change from previous interaction with patrons, because patrons no longer had to be in the library for them to ask question. Much of the traditional reference interview relies on the body language of the patron and picking up on clues that they do not know they are giving off. Without the visual cues, librarians had to sharpen their ability to hone in on problems. Just because the patron was calling with their question did not mean that they were certain about the information they needed. This remote-access librarianship paved the way for other methods of contacting librarians, including e-mail, instant messenger, and chat services. Learning from what they had done with regards to telephone interactions, librarians were able to adapt their reference interactions to serve their patron populations through these methods. While this greatly increased the contact librarians had with patrons, it did decrease the number of people coming into the library, and that was only the start.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Digital Age: From about 1980 on, coincidence with the advent of the World Wide Web.

Academic Libraries: Libraries affiliated with universities or colleges.

Mission Statement: Unified theory, plan, or goal of an organization or subsection of the organization.

Digitization: Scanning or otherwise manipulating print materials into an electronic format.

Electronic Resources: Library materials available in an electronic format.

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