Consumed Consumer Within the Framework of New Communication Technologies

Consumed Consumer Within the Framework of New Communication Technologies

Derya Öcal (Atatürk University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3270-6.ch015

Abstract

“New media,” refers to a wide range of common practices and phenomena and expressed as new textual forms, culture of entertainment, consumption patterns, new self and identity presentations, community building paths, and representational world conception. With the virtual environments offered by new communication technologies, the leisure time of individuals is captured easily and in real life, hierarchies in social structure are measured by consumption-based performance of the individual. Companies had to add consumer management to their strategies at the end of the 20th century when the new media began to shape life and life practices. These companies, instead of producing for an uncertain market now produces according to the customer's desire and individual production. In addition, they supply specific niche markets to create the consumer they need. In this context, in the study marketing and advertising strategies and consumer behaviors that are transformed with new communication technologies will be discussed in detail.
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Introduction

New media, in general, mainly come to agenda in 1980’s in the context of computer and technological advances in computer extension, point out the new textual formats, entertainment culture, consumption patterns, new self and identity representations, ways to create communities and representative world understandings. New media, which have become the main tool of the relations between media producers and content consumers, eliminate the distinction between interpersonal and mass communication (Chandler and Munday, 2018, p. 447). Thus, forcing time and space as well as speed and capacity in data transfer, digitalization, involves thinking with numerical codes and taking on mechanical action. Interaction and flexibility that the new media unleashes every moment of social practices through networks makes multimedia data (audio, text, moving and/or still image, numerical data, etc.) available in the environment possible to easily view, trace, convert and store. In fact, such a data transfer also transforms the way information is read. With the widespread Internet environment, hypertext, used to mean text created by developing links between data/information stored on the internet has been revealed. “Hypertext, expresses establishing the correct connection between texts in all directions, referring to the versatility of digital media and unlimited data collection, sharing and updating features” (Yengin, 2012, p. 126). With the expansion of communication networks referred to as social media and meet the communication and socialization needs of people through these networks, virtual lives holding the power to determine/manage real life and the culture of these lives have developed. In fact, communication media mediated by new media, called offline, reproduces and shapes the real world, within the framework of cultural, political, economic or political processes.

“This leads to a fundamental feature of advertising which many people find difficult to grasp. Advertising is not a homogeneous entity. (That is why it is so hard to define with precision.) It covers a multitude of diverse types of communication, with equally diverse objectives. Most advertisements, it is true, aim to sell goods and services. But not all do. And even those that do, aim to achieve sales in a host of varying ways. Advertisements are like the bits and pieces in a kaleidoscope. Together they appear to make a unified pattern -but in reality each one of them is likely to be quite different from the others” (Fletcher, 2010, p. 5).

Today, the use of social media, which has become a habit by users of virtual media, covering a wide range of communities, meets the social demands of the broad masses from all cultures and all segments. Development of new communication media on social media, being continuously updateable, suitable to multi-use and allow virtual sharing each day, in addition to increasing interest in communication technologies in many respects increases the power of social media and it also gives a new dimension to the phenomenon of “socialization”. In this context, the internet goes beyond being just a tool that people use, has become a subject with which it establishes a relationship. This complex network structure is constantly fed by its users and by nature, it indicates a continuous action. Cyber/virtual environments that have continuous distribution by users, artificially updated or fully converted and almost a new add-on of man, beyond being a technological opportunity and application area is a cognitive and social space which has its own rules, developed different languages, and its user gets into the flow within the road map drawn by its founder. Information consumed via Internet (words and images) while transforming human relations being involved in consumption culture and disposable logic of consumption culture and being the leader of cut/paste and disposable/throw culture in the relationships established in daily life. Thanks to the virtual environments offered by the new communication technologies, the leisure time of individuals can be easily captured and hierarchies in social structure are measured by the individual’s consumption-based performance in real life. In the consumer society, individuals never enjoy lasting pleasure from the objects of consumption, constantly changing desires rather than permanent and stable preferences occur on the consuming individual. In this context, consuming individual identity dominates the virtual environment relations and instead of intense emotional relationships, superficial and short-term connections with many people come to the fore.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Mass Media: Mass media is communication -whether written, broadcast, or spoken- that reaches a large audience. This includes television, radio, advertising, movies, the Internet, newspapers, magazines, and so forth. Mass media is a significant force in modern culture, particularly in America. Sociologists refer to this as a mediated culture where media reflects and creates the culture.

Globalization: Globalization is the word used to describe the growing interdependence of the world's economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information.

Convergence: Convergence generally means coming together, while divergence generally means moving apart. In the world of finance and trading, convergence and divergence are terms used to describe the directional relationship of two trends, prices, or indicators.

Advertising: Advertising is a means of communication with the users of a product or service. Advertisements are messages paid for by those who send them and are intended to inform or influence people who receive them.

M2M: Machine-to-machine communication, or M2M, is exactly as it sounds: two machines “communicating,” or exchanging data, without human interfacing or interaction. This includes serial connection, powerline connection (PLC), or wireless communications in the industrial Internet of Things (IoT).

Digitalization: Digitalization is the use of digital technologies to change a business model and provide new revenue and value-producing opportunities; it is the process of moving to a digital business.

New Media: Refers to “those digital media that are interactive, incorporate two-way communication and involve some form of computing” and also, new media is “very easily processed, stored, transformed, retrieved, hyperlinked and, perhaps most radical of all, easily searched for and accessed”.

Media Planning: Media planning is the process of identifying and selecting media outlets – mainly newspapers, magazines, websites, TV and radio stations, and outdoor placement – in which to place paid advertisements. The person responsible for evaluating the many media options and strategizing campaigns to support a particular product, service, or brand is called a media planner. Media planners typically are employed by advertising agencies.

Hypertext: Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access.

Consumer: A consumer is a person or organization that uses or consumes economic services or commodities.

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