Measuring Low Carbon Supply Chain

Measuring Low Carbon Supply Chain

Muhammad Shabir Shaharudin (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia) and Yudi Fernando (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7362-3.ch083

Abstract

The threat of climate change is due to increasing carbon emissions of manufacturing production and transportation. Currently, government is encouraging manufacturing to reduce carbon emission and conduct low carbon supply chain management (LCSCM). In order to solve the greenhouse gas emission dilemma, LCSCM is essential for manufacturing firms' stakeholders. Supply chain partners are expected to know the proper measurement of emissions to solve this problem. This chapter's aim is to review literature on how to measure LCSCM. In the past, the concept of green supply chain management (GSCM) was practiced to promote and reduce environmental risks. However, GSCM is a driver or practice to achieve environmental outcomes. The extended model of GSCM currently practices LCSCM through carbon footprint (CF) concept. In other words, LCSCM is an outcome that both interests researchers and persuades practitioners.
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Background

As LCSCM is recently growing in importance, scholars and practitioners have started to put more interest in measuring carbon emission. In the literature, there are many scholars focusing on carbon emission measurement methods but lack of empirical data (Lee, 2011). Scholars then shift their focus in developing measurement methods and model to help practitioners to record and measure their carbon emissions using data generation (Bai, Sarkis, Wei, & Koh, 2012; Schmidt, 2009). However, there are also a few studies done by scholars using real firm or industrial data (Burnett, 2011; Cadarso, Gómez, López, & Tobarra, 2016; Lee, 2012; Nakajima, Kimura, & Wagner, 2014; Palak et al., 2014; Pelletier, Ibarburu, & Xin, 2013; Rahman & Khondaker, 2012; Tsai, Lin, Hwang, & Huang, 2014; Yusuf et al., 2013; Zhao, Neighbour, Han, McGuire, & Deutz, 2012; Zubelzu & Álvarez, 2015). Yet, the difficulty to get real data have seen many scholars using qualitative studies to measure LCSCM (Dadhich, Genovese, Kumar, & Acquaye, 2014; Dayaratne & Gunawardana, 2015; Gopalakrishnan, Yusuf, Musa, Abubakar, & Ambursa, 2012; Lee, 2012; Pueyo, 2013).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Carbon Footprint: Carbon footprint is a term used to record carbon emissions by individual or a firm in order to see the impact of Greenhouse Gasses (GHGs).

Low Carbon Supply Chain Management: Elimination or reduction of waste along the processes in firms and members of supply chain while monitoring and reducing carbon emissions throughout the supply chain.

Content Analysis: A robust and structured analysis of the literature.

Green Supply Chain Management: Managing and monitoring supply chain activities in accordance with environmental management practices.

Low Carbon Supply Chain Management Measurement: Method used to analyze the carbon emissions after it has been recorded.

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