Security Risks of Biomedical Data Processing in Cloud Computing Environment

Security Risks of Biomedical Data Processing in Cloud Computing Environment

Babangida Zubairu (Jaipur National University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5152-2.ch009

Abstract

The emergence of new innovations in technology changes the rate of data generated in health-related institutions and the way data should be handled. As such, the amount of data generated is always on the increase, which demands the need of advanced, automated management systems and storage platforms for handling large biomedical data. Cloud computing has emerged as the promising technology for present and future that can handle large amount of data and enhance processing and management of the data remotely. One of the disturbance concerns of the technology is the security of the data. Data in the cloud is subject to security threats, and this has highlighted the need for exploring security measures against the threats. The chapter provides detailed analysis of cloud computing deployment strategies and risks associated with the technology and tips for biomedical data storage and processing through cloud computing services.
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Background

Computers are used in biomedical and health related fields to support data storage, analysis, and integration of biomedical and genetic information. Now a day more advanced technologies are being evolved, the sophistication and advancement of the high throughput technologies will significantly influence more biomedical data generation. This reveals that the ability to measure, store, manage and process precise data on individuals will surpass the capabilities of traditional datacenter of organizations. Enhanced quantitative evaluation and analysis of individual data and qualities become possible due to the advancement in technologies, thereby waiving limits and increases opportunity for advanced studies and evaluation of combined factors that can predict disease and care. As more advanced technologies become available, the demands of handling volumes of increasingly detailed data and analysis may lead to potential increases for drawing erroneous conclusions about the data. This shows the need of an advanced automated system for management, retrieval, and interpretation of biomedical and health related data such as cloud computing technology. Some online database system of nucleic acid exists such as European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Gen Bank and DNA databank of Japan, but these databases are not enough to suit the demand of most organizations in biomedical data management. For instance, EMBL is managed by the European Bioinformatics Institute in the UK to support research in molecular biology; GenBank is maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the US for nucleotide sequences and their protein translations. The DNA Databank is maintained by the National Institutes in Genetics in Japan for the analysis of genetic diseases and genetic fingerprinting for criminology and genetic genealogy (Francesco, Giuliana, & Luigi, 2009). The mentioned online databases may only complement the need of some organizations not all. Therefore, the need for other research institutions and organization handling biomedical data to migrate to cloud technology becomes inevitable; this will provide the avenue for data sharing with other research community around the globe. Securing data is the paramount need of most organizations, peer to peer (P2P) novel technique was presented by (Mohammad, & Adnan, 2018), the approach integrates the P2P with the caching technique and dummies from real queries, this helps in preserving privacy and security of data, Cloudlets technologies were presented by (Panigrahi, Tiwary, Pati, & Das, 2016) as the solution to big data analysis for areas that face low internet connectivity and devices disruptions, the technologies can be useful if employed to manage and process big data in the cloud computing environment. However, watermarking technique was proposed using Odd-Even Method for insertion and extraction of watermark in a bio medical image with large data hiding capacity, security as well as high watermarked quality (Kumar, Nilanjan, Sourav, Achintya, & Sheli, 2014). Similarly, Interpolation and trigonometric techniques were proposed by (Sayan, Prasenjit, Arijit, Debalina, & Nilanjan, 2014) for insertion and extraction of watermark in digital image, this accomplish by embedding secrete bits key into the gray planes of color image.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Biomedical Big Data: A large and complex data related to the health status.

Data Science: A knowledge acquisition from data through scientific method that comprises systematic observation, experiment, measurement, formulation, and hypotheses testing with the aim of discovering new ideas and concepts.

Data Processing: The act of data manipulation through integration of mathematical tools, statistics, and computer application to generate information.

Biomedical Data: Row facts related to the health status that can be processed to get information.

Cloud Computing: The delivery of computing services and resources such as the servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytic through the internet.

Biomedical Data Science: A scientific method that provides conceptual integration of technologies and tools that enables processing, retrievals, analysis, interpretation, and presentations of biomedical data in secured and understandable fashion for end-user consumption.

Cloud Technology Client: The end-user that leases the services of cloud computing technology and uses them on demand basis.

Cloud Technology Management: The virtual management and control of the data and applications over cloud environment.

Cloud Environment: An accessible virtual environment for computing resources and services that holds data and applications remotely.

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