“Smart City”: The Concept of Resolving the Contradiction Between Production and Urban Life

“Smart City”: The Concept of Resolving the Contradiction Between Production and Urban Life

Vardan Mkrttchian (HHH University, Australia), Yulia Vertakova (Southwest State University, Russia), Yuri Treshchevsky (Voronezh State University, Russia), Natalya V. Firsova (Voronezh State Technical University, Russia), Vladimir Plotnikov (St. Petersburg State University of Economics, Russia) and Dmitry Y. Treshchevsky (Voronezh State University, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7625-9.ch015

Abstract

The chapter proposes the correction of the concept of “smart city.” It is substantiated that the specificity of the redistribution of the population and economic resources to the major cities of Russia, mainly to regional centers, requires the modification of the concept of “smart city.” In accordance with this concept, a number of principles are proposed, among which the most important are the principles: integration, metabolism, architectural quality of the urban environment. The most important functional goals are defined: the creation of a new production structure, formation of a modern transport and logistics infrastructure, modernization of the road-street network, development and modernization of the rolling stock of urban transport, development and modernization of communal infrastructure, provision of safe and comfortable living conditions for citizens, improvement of the ecological condition of the urban district, improvement of the state of objects of cultural heritage and improvement of the urban district. Three levels are singled out, each of which requires solutions.
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Introduction

The future of intelligent cities («smart city”) - in 2025 the population of our planet will reach 8 billion people, and more than half of them will live in cities. At the same time, municipal infrastructure, electricity networks and water supply systems of cities often have an age of more than a hundred years and desperately need modernization in conditions of economic growth and population. Effective energy and water supply is the foundation for the development and prosperity of any modern city. To provide the population with access to these critical resources and other new opportunities, it is important to ensure the competent management of them using innovative technologies and tools for joint work. To understand how utilities affect the shaping of the city's image of the future, we undertook a global study of the sphere of public utilities in the Russian Federation. A unique study involved more than 20,000 managers of utilities and their clients from all major cities of the country. Based on the results of the study, a report was compiled containing key analytical data on the utilities industry, including information on the need for technology application, effective joint work and innovations for the transformation of energy supply and water management systems.

The idea of ​​Innovative Technologies One of the most important results of our research was that 74% of the managers of utilities and 76% of their customers said the need for transformations in the industry. Moreover, 50% of executives and 60% of customers believe that at the moment the industry is not working efficiently. The good news is that the technologies that make it possible to bring the utility industry to a qualitatively new level already exist. Innovative technologies open up new opportunities for us, paving the way for the intellectual cities of the future. However, for this, the city needs a solid technological foundation, on the basis of which new applications will be built. Utilities investments in smart metering systems and transmission networks help to improve the overall efficiency of the city and the quality of services provided to the population through a bilateral mechanism for interaction and data collection and analysis on energy and water consumption in real time. This allows us to lay a solid groundwork for the effective use and conservation of valuable resources. In case of successful implementation, this strategy will allow building intellectual cities, opening up new prospects for effective use of resources.

However, the technologies themselves do not give the desired effect. It all depends on how effectively people can work with each other, you need to have Effective cooperation. Especially important is cooperation in solving energy, transport problems and urbanization problems. It is impossible to overcome these problems with a single point solution. To create a new resource-saving reality, effective interaction between all stakeholders is required.

An excellent example of this is the city of Voronezh, the capital of the Voronezh region of the Russian Federation. The city authorities implement a unique public-private partnership program aimed at sustainable economic development that could serve as a model for all other aspects of society. For this purpose, the mayor of the city is developing a program for the conservation of energy and water resources, aimed at reducing operating costs. The main objective of the program is to ensure a balanced development of the city center, provide the necessary information to change behavior and simplify making informed decisions. The key to the success of the program is cooperation. Technology companies, local enterprises, municipal services, city government and non-governmental organizations share the balanced development of the city center.

In the new century, the city's efficiency will largely depend on whether we are able to competently manage energy and water resources. Now it is necessary to rebuild the entire industry in such a way as to ensure that available resources meet ever-increasing demand. Together, we will be able to modernize the power grid, build intelligent cities, open up new opportunities for interaction with the population and improve the management of such valuable resources as gas, water and electricity, using innovative technologies. This will allow not only to attract new companies to the city, but also to strengthen its reputation as a center for sustainable and balanced development. Thanks to innovative technologies and joint work, we will be able to create intelligent cities and open new economic opportunities for people around the world.

Key Terms in this Chapter

OLAP: Online analytical processing is an approach to answering multi-dimensional analytical (MDA) queries swiftly in computing.

ETL: Extract, transform, load refers to a process in database usage and especially in data warehousing.

DSS: A decision support system is a computer-based information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities.

Data Mining: The computing process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of machine learning, statistics, and database systems.

Smart City: An urban area that uses different types of electronic data collection sensors to supply information which is used to manage assets and resources efficiently.

System-Synergetic Approach: For analysis of complex social-economic systems in organization field.

Big Data Analytics: The mathematical and software techniques for examining large and varied data sets to uncover hidden patterns, unknown correlations, market trends, customer preferences, and other useful information that can help organizations make more-informed business decisions.

Feedback: Occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.

State-Owned Corporation (SOE): A business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.

Principles of Development: Progresses in a step-by-step fashion. It is orderly, sequential, and proceeds from the simple to the complex. Each achieved behavior forms the foundation for more advanced behaviors.

Innovations: Production or adoption, assimilation, and exploitation of a value-added novelty in economic and social spheres; renewal and enlargement of products, services, and markets; development of new methods of production; and establishment of new management systems. It is both a process and an outcome.

Avatar-Based Management: Innovation management technique for human intellectual control.

Response to Intervention (RTI): A multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning and behavior needs; service for management educational process for corrections.

Intelligent Visualization Techniques: The process of presenting data in the form of an image in order to maximize the convenience of understanding them, giving a visible form to any conceivable object, subject, process, and so on.

Competitiveness: Pertains to the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector, or country to sell and supply goods and services in a given market, in relation to the ability and performance of other firms, sub-sectors, or countries in the same market.

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