“Theory of IRE with (α,β,γ) Norm”: An Engineering Model for Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration in India

“Theory of IRE with (α,β,γ) Norm”: An Engineering Model for Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration in India

Ranjit Biswas
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0672-0.ch013
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This chapter introduces a new theory called by “Theory of IRE with (a,ß,?) Norm” which provides an almost complete solution for Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration in any vast country like India, China, France, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Indonesia, Pakistan, Malaysia, USA, UK, Canada, Gulf countries and others in the world. The “Theory of IRE with (a,ß,?) Norm” is an engineering model for solving HEM problems, basically seven major problems which are about: (i) How To Continuously Monitor The Real Time Progress of Research Work of the Ph.D. Scholars in the Universities/Institutions in any country by a Common Rule of the ‘Ministry of HRD' (ii) A New Improved Method for Recruitment of Teachers in Universities (iii) A New Method for Promotion Policy of Teachers In Universities (iv) How to select the ‘Most Suitable Candidate' for the various prestigious awards/honors in a country (v) How to restrict the publications of bad quality research papers in fake/bad journals? (vi) How to select the true experts for every visiting team of NAAC of UGC? and (vii) How to select the ‘Most Suitable Candidates' to fill-up the reserved quota. It is claimed that if this new theory be implemented by the ‘Ministry of HRD (MHRD)' in all its universities/institutions, then a huge amount of quality-assurance can be achieved in pursuance of Excellence in Higher Education Management & Policy Administration in that Country.
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This chapter introduces a new theory called by “Theory of IRE with (α,β,γ) Norm” which is an engineering model for Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration in vast countries like India, China, France, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Indonesia, Pakistan, Malaysia, USA, UK, Canada, Gulf countries and others in the world. India and China are the two giant countries having a large number of in-built talents in every subject area. Our model is called an engineering model because of the fact that the model works dynamically on engineering & technology based elements: internet search engines, several databases of heterogeneous big data, intelligent software, computer hardware and distributed systems, mechatronics hardware, Information Technology, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Mechatronics, Fuzzy Logic (Zadeh, 1965), Soft Computing, Big Data (Biswas, 2015a, 2015b), and of course on Mathematics & Statistics of both R-Statistics and NR-Statistics (Biswas, 2016), up to the extent of Big Data Statistics (Biswas, 2016). Retaining the idea, core logic and philosophy behind its innovation, this model can be easily improved (extended) in future by the growth of various technologies, mainly of the subject’s computer engineering, information technology and electronics engineering. In the giant countries like India, China and other vast countries, every year a very large number of scholars take admissions for higher education, a very large number of students become graduates and post-graduates, a large number of students enroll for Ph.D. study, a large number of teachers retire in universities and institutions, a large number of fresh teachers are recruited in universities and institutions, a large number of teachers are promoted in universities and institutions, a large number of talents are awarded various prestigious awards/honors, etc. and many other academic/research oriented activities which are controlled by Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration. Consequently, the topic of Higher Education Management (HEM) & Policy Administration in such giant countries is itself a big subject and a major subject for their governments which cater to the overall academic/economic growth of the countries. For a hypothetical example, in India (or China) there could be more than 10,000 eligible candidates applying against only ten vacant post of Lecturers in Mathematics advertised in a newspaper. There are many other similar HEM functionalities and activities on every day and are of concern to the Government authorities on how to conclude daily work with correct, fair, transparent and successful solutions. This is quite naturally not always the situation in small but academically advanced countries like Japan, Finland, Ireland, Poland, Bulgaria, Singapore, etc. For the sake of smooth presentation of our new theory entitled “Theory of IRE with (α,β,γ) Norm”, we have identified the country ‘India’ and we have developed this theory in the context of ‘India’. But the theory can be well extended and applicable to other vast countries like China, Brazil, Indonesia, Pakistan, Malaysia, USA, UK, Canada, Gulf countries and in fact to any country in this world be it a small or big, without making any changes in the core philosophy/logic of the theory but incorporating slight customized adjustments in the equivalent nomenclatures of the respective country. One basic assumption in the Theory of IRE is that there is no rounding-off of any numerical results. Results of all numerical computations are to be made upto 3 decimal places only. Bracket expressions are to be computed with priority, in any complex mathematical or logical expression in this theory.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Indexed Journal: A journal is termed as an ‘indexed journal’ if it is indexed in Thomson Reuter's annual Journal Citation Reports (JCR) , indexed by SCIE (Science Citation Index Expanded).

Core Subject: In the Theory of IRE, the subjects like Mathematics, Statistics, Botany, Zoology, Sociology, Computer Science (Computer Engineering), Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Law, etc. are the core subjects in which usually bachelor degrees are awarded by universities. Usually, it is the department name too in a university.

BI Table and JPI Table: These are two dynamic twin tables called by summary tables of a researcher (who is not a beginner in research) showing all details information about the research performance of him.

Thesis Submission Index: The TSI is a positive real number decided/fixed by the university for each of its department such that a Ph.D. scholar is eligible to submit his thesis if and only if (i) the PWI of the scholar exceeds the prescribed TSI of the department (prescribed by its university), and also if (ii) the supervisor allows him to submit the thesis, in compliance with the approved “Ph.D. Proposal”.

Index of Research Excellence: The ‘Index of Research Excellence’ (IRE) is the most important and most useful metric in our Theory of IRE for HEM in any country. It is an excellent quantitative measure for any researcher called by ‘Index of Research Excellence’ (IRE) to estimate his overall research performance, his research caliber, and the innovative quality in him by which he is to be regarded as a ‘scientist’.

Five Conditions Ph.D. Rule of UGC: The “Five Conditions Ph.D. Rule of UGC” is a kind of check-items using which a Ph.D. scholar can do self-assessment and his supervisor can quantitatively compute and take decision on whether the work of his Ph.D. scholar is sufficient and worthwhile in all respect for submission now.

LRY: It is the basically age of his Master degree.

Fuzzy Evaluation Training Programme: A kind of orientation programme for the experts only, in which a team of specialized subject experts (here subject is: “Evaluation & Judgment of academic materials and quality”) sponsored by the “Ministry of HRD (MHRD)” will counsel the present prospective (a,ß,?) Normed Experts to become excellent fuzzy evaluators in the country.

Simpson Area: It is a measure to evaluate the research-talent of a researcher, and applicable to those only for whom LRY = 5.

Fuzzy Evaluation Method: The ‘Fuzzy Evaluation Method’ is a soft-computing method for evaluation of a Ph.D. thesis or a Master thesis or a Project dissertation etc., where judgment parameters are answered not only by subjective comments but also awarding fuzzy numbers (fuzzy marks) and/or awarding value (membership value) in the closed interval [0,1], by the best intellectual judgment of the expert. The integration of all the intellectual comments is done using fuzzy mathematics and of course according to all the other instructions laid down by the concerned university.

Bibliometric Index: The Bibliometric Index (BI) of a researcher (usually not a beginner in research) is the sum of his H m -index, G m - index and i m 10-index.

Thesis Submission Certificate: In the ‘Five Conditions Ph.D. Rule of UGC’ introduced here, every Ph.D. scholar on submission of his thesis will be issued by the concerned university a certificate mentioning the value of the ‘university TSI’ and the value of the ‘PWI of the scholar as on the date of submission of thesis’, as per a given format. Initially a provisional certificate is issued, and the main certificate is issued after successful defending the thesis by the scholar.

Hm-Index, Gm-Index and im10-Index: An improved and modified version of the existing definition of H-index, G- index and i10-index respectively.

Ph.D. Work Index: At a given point of time during the tenure of Ph.D. work of a Ph.D. scholar, the PWI is the sum of all IFS the scholar has earned during his Ph.D. tenure so far but subject to the condition that the work is in compliance with his Ph.D. Proposal which was officially approved for him by the university.

Journal Publication Index: There are three types of JPI for every researcher, out of which one is used for evaluating yearly performance, one for cumulative and the other for average.

(a,ß,?) Normed Expert: A teacher or a scientist in a university/organization is called an ‘Expert’ if he fulfills the three constraints called collectively by (a,ß,?) Norm.

(a,ß,?) Norm: With respect to a pre-fixed and valid value of (a,ß,?) by a university, there is a set of three conditions called collectively by (a,ß,?) Norm.

Coded Reservation Formula: This a new improved model for a refined ‘reservation policy’ for minority / SC / ST / OBC etc. in Higher Education Management (HEM), without disturbing any interest of the existing system.

Non-Indexed Journal: There are a number of journals (having ISSN) which are neither indexed journals nor sub-indexed journals (not indexed by any agent of the respective List of AOIA prescribed by UGC). However, they may be indexed by some other agents not listed in the List of AOIA or may not be indexed at all. In the Theory of IRE such a journal is called a Non-indexed journal.

Expert Rating Set: This is a set of 10 number of triplets fixed by UGC.

Impact Factor Score: It is a score earned by a researcher (a Ph.D. scholar or a teacher or a Scientist) corresponding to each publication of research paper in an indexed or sub-indexed journal.

AOIA: The abbreviation AOIA stands for “Acceptable Other Indexing Agents”. This is a list of other indexing agent which are accepted and approved by the UGC for inclusion in AOIA.

Proportional Impact Factor Score: It is a score earned by researchers (Ph.D. scholars or Professors or Scientists or teachers, etc.) corresponding to each publication of research paper in indexed or sub-indexed journals on the basis of the amount of actual contribution among all the authors of the paper.

Life History of the Manuscript: In every journal, every published paper must disclose some important information about the manuscript called by ‘Life History of the Manuscript’, at the end-page of this paper while published.

Provisional Impact Factor: The PIF of a sub-indexed journal in a core subject in a given year is equal to the minimum value of the IF values of all the indexed journals in that core subject in that year.

Sub-Indexed Journal: In the Theory of IRE, a journal on a core subject which is not an indexed journal as per above definition but indexed by any of the corresponding List of AOIA prescribed by UGC is called a sub-indexed journal.

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