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What is Smart Homes

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence
Homes equipped with intelligent sensors and devices within a communications infrastructure that allows the various systems and devices to communicate with each other for monitoring and maintenance purposes.
Published in Chapter:
Ambient Intelligence
Fariba Sadri (Imperial College London, UK) and Kostas Stathis (Royal Holloway, University of London, UK)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-849-9.ch013
In recent years much research and development effort has been directed towards the broad field of ambient intelligence (AmI), and this trend is set to continue for the foreseeable future. AmI aims at seamlessly integrating services within smart infrastructures to be used at home, at work, in the car, on the move, and generally in most environments inhabited by people. It is a relatively new paradigm rooted in ubiquitous computing, which calls for the integration and convergence of multiple disciplines, such as sensor networks, portable devices, intelligent systems, human-computer and social interactions, as well as many techniques within artificial intelligence, such as planning, contextual reasoning, speech recognition, language translation, learning, adaptability, and temporal and hypothetical reasoning. The term AmI was coined by the European Commission, when in 2001 one of its Programme Advisory Groups launched the AmI challenge (Ducatel et al., 2001), later updated in 2003 (Ducatel et al., 2003). But although the term AmI originated from Europe, the goals of the work have been adopted worldwide, see for example (The Aware Home, 2007), (The Oxygen Project, 2007), and (The Sony Interaction Lab, 2007). The foundations of AmI infrastructures are based on the impressive progress we are witnessing in wireless technologies, sensor networks, display capabilities, processing speeds and mobile services. These developments help provide much useful (row) information for AmI applications. Further progress is needed in taking full advantage of such information in order to provide the degree of intelligence, flexibility and naturalness envisaged. This is where artificial intelligence and multi-agent techniques have important roles to play. In this paper we will review the progress that has been made in intelligent systems, discuss the role of artificial intelligence and agent technologies and focus on the application of AmI for independent living.
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Healthcare Ethics in the Information Age
The use of ITC to augment the range of services that homes can provide for their occupants without human assistance, for example, monitoring the time, frequency, and variety of a person’s activities, including how often a person is waking up and walking, using the toilet, or opening his medicine cabinet to take medication.
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Assistive Technologies in Smart Homes
Conceptually homes that assist the residents, usually by means of ICT (Information and Communication Technology). From the viewpoint of ICT, fundamental components of smart homes are networking and sensing technologies. Smart homes automatically or autonomously provide services to make the residential life more comfortable, securer or more economical. The residents who need an assistive service are wide-ranging. Therefore universal interfaces for human-machine interaction are desired to be equipped for smart homes.
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Ambient Assisted Living and Internet of Things
A smart home is a residence that uses Internet-connected devices to enable the remote monitoring and management of appliances and systems, such as lighting and heating.
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Connected Vehicles: A Vital Component of Smart Transportation in an Intelligent City
These are smart living spaces where status of heating, lighting and security, etc. can be remotely monitored and controlled (e.g., switching on/off lights/heating, and monitoring of security status, etc.) using IoT and sensor based smart objects (e.g., mobile phones).
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