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What is Taliban

Handbook of Research on Transitional Justice and Peace Building in Turbulent Regions
Islamist insurgency operating in Pakistan and Afghanistan seeking the creation of an Islamic state in territories of their dominion. Although history points at its creation in Pakistan, they reached power in Afghanistan implementing their own regime based on the sharia. They hosted Al Qaeda within their territory, and as a consequence, the international coalition removed them from power after the 911 attacks in the United States. Since then, they have been waging an insurgent war against the international coalition and the Afghan government, largely funded by the opium and heroin markets.
Published in Chapter:
Criminal Interests within Political Insurgencies: The Case for Development-Centred Counterinsurgency
Oscar Palma (Universidad del Rosario, Colombia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9675-4.ch021
Insurgencies are progressive and systematic insurrections with political aims. They are usually aimed at the creation of a new state, the liberation of a nation from foreign intervention, the transformation of the political system, or the imposition of a certain way of life. Whereas this political character sets them apart from common criminals, whose main objective is personal profit; in practice, most insurgencies are a combination of criminal and political interests. Solutions that address political grievances or criminal motivations separately, leaving one of them aside, are highly likely to fail, perpetuating violence. Development-centred counterinsurgency seems to be an ideal framework to confront this type of insurgencies. The case of Colombia is examined to observe achievements, failures and challenges.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
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The Role of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the Afghan Crisis
The word “Taliban” is the plural of “Talib” in the Pushto language, “Talib” means student. Here student means student of Islamic law. Taliban emerged in 1994 in Afghanistan as a powerful religious group. Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 and has been in power for the second time since August 2021 after the withdrawal of the U.S. forces from Afghanistan.
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