Contribution of New Technologies in the Relationship Between the Governance and the Social Responsibility at the Moroccan University

Contribution of New Technologies in the Relationship Between the Governance and the Social Responsibility at the Moroccan University

Youmna El Hissi (Computer, Network, Mobility and Modeling Laboratory, Casablanca, Morocco), Zakaria Benjouid (Laboratory for Research in Economics and Public Action (LAREAP) FSJES, Hassan 1st University, Settat, Morocco), Abdelkrim Haqiq (Hassan 1st University, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Settat, Morocco) and Leila Loukili Idrissi (Laboratory of Research in Sciences and Technology of Health, Casablanca, Morocco)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSSMET.2018070101

Abstract

This article describes how the landscape of higher education in Morocco has undergone several changes in its organization; hence universities are called upon to strengthen their modes of governance by using new technologies as communication management devices. At the same time, and in a national context of sustainable development, universities are encouraged to adopt a culture of social responsibility like companies and other organizations to promote the notion of citizenship. This article aims to show that the Moroccan university can adopt a sustainable management practice through the establishment of an Information System to ensure and strengthen its governance. The authors focus on the experience of the Moroccan universities in the implementation of the MISSION project which aims at improving the governance of the Moroccan university from a technological point of view.
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Introduction

In order to strengthen its governance, the Moroccan university is called upon to involve all its internal and external resources, actors and elements, but above all to use modern devices offered by the technological revolution to support the university in its strategic objectives of development.

Currently, the right use of new technologies and its means of dissemination open up a very wide field to innovation in all fields, a rationalization of human and material resources, saving time and achieving considerable financial profit.

Since the last decade, the concept of sustainable development has been introduced into Moroccan society, a concept that requires serious involvement and commitment from all parts of society in order to promote the social, economic and ecological development of the country.

The objective of this article is to show that the use of technological tools can combine good governance in the Moroccan university and social responsibility in order to promote equitable economic and social development.

This work will focus on the Moroccan experience in the use of new technologies and how this tool has been able to ensure effective and sustainable governance in the Moroccan university by improving its sense of responsibility at the economic, ecological, Social, cultural, technological and political areas.

Thus, we will make an internal study based on a national project: MISSION, which aimed to reinforce the Moroccan universities governance by setting up an information system department, which will manage the more priority activities at university. The study chose this project because it’s a new national experience who involve all Moroccan university to set up un information system to structure and communicate about its most important departments, it’s also a tool to reinforce the governance of universities which is a national priorities in the higher education. As this project target at 5 basics departments, it will help us to have equitable study and different answers from people who will be asked. So showing the link between ICT and Sustainable Development at Moroccan university, will be more clear and targeted.

This study will be based on developing of a questionnaire intended to users of the project platform at all Moroccan universities partners; To do so, we will follow a quantitative approach and carry out a comparative study between the survey already done out in a previous work at the beginning of the project, and a new survey carried out after the its end. The aim is to evaluate the relationship between the use of new technologies and the promotion of Social Responsibility at Moroccan university.

  • Hypothesis 1: Establishing an Information System “IS” to ensure good governance of the Moroccan university appears an effective solution that allows the university to work independently, transparently, responsibly and adopting a participatory approach.

In this case, IS must be a device that guarantees sustainable development in the university's missions, improving its performance, its efficiency in management and allowing it to position itself at national and international level.

  • Hypothesis 2: The implementation of an IS for strengthening the governance of the Moroccan university should be a sustainable approach that will enable the university to:

    • Ensure a transparent working environment

    • Function with modern management methodologies

    • Have reliable and effective real-time information

    • Take its decisions

    • And share its information with its internal and external partners

The Moroccan University In A Context Of Governance

Higher education in Morocco has knew several steps of development from its independence to the present day, from the creation of the first Mohammed V University in 1957 in Rabat until the development of a network of 13 modern public universities and 6 private universities dispatched on All of Morocco (Lahlou, 2009).

The university development is the result of many factors such as: the increasing of national economy and the need to diversify the higher education offers.

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