Factors Affecting Students' Adoption of ICT Tools in Higher Education Institutions: An Indian Context

Factors Affecting Students' Adoption of ICT Tools in Higher Education Institutions: An Indian Context

Salini Rosaline (VIT University, Chennai, India) and J. Reeves Wesley (VIT University, Chennai, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJICTE.2017040107
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In the recent years, technology has been an important component in teaching and learning. The literature has highlighted many studies investigations on the students' intention to use technology in many Western, African and South East Asian countries. This article brings in the factors influencing students' adoption of ICT tools in higher education institutions in India. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model was used to determine the predictors of ICT adoption in learning their coursework in colleges. The results were obtained by structural equation modelling, using the data collected from 398 students doing their undergraduate engineering programs. The findings show that performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence has a positive significant relationship on behavioral intention to use ICT tools and facilitating conditions has a direct relationship with usage behaviour. The findings have led to relevant theoretical and practical implications and future researches are suggested.
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Literature Review And Theoretical Background

Several studies have been done on the acceptance or adoption of ICT tools in different sectors for the adoptions like e-commerce, internet banking, software application and other applications of information technology. Adoption of ICT in higher education has not been explored much. Higher education in India can be classified into five categories - central, state, deemed universities, institutions of national importance and private universities. Centre for public policy research in 2015 gave out data on Indian education system stating that it has expanded in a fast pace by an increase in number of universities 34 times from 1950 to 2014.

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