Mobile Technology Acceptance Among Turkish Travelers

Mobile Technology Acceptance Among Turkish Travelers

Hulisi Binbasioglu (Malatya Turgut Ozal University, Turkey) and Mevlut Turk (Inonu University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9783-4.ch006

Abstract

Mobile devices, such as smartphones, have influenced people's lives more than any other technological invention in human history. Thanks to the ubiquitous nature and advantage of mobile technologies, mobile marketing has remarkable potential. A successful mobile marketing strategy is related to consumers' acceptance and use of mobile technology. Understanding the factors that affect the consumers' technology acceptance process is important in terms of developing an effective marketing strategy. As one of the rapidly growing industries around the world, tourism has always been in the frontline in terms of using the new technologies and used the advantages of the synergy generated by the technologies. In this study, which is designed based on the technology acceptance model (TAM), smartphone usage experience and the factors which affect the acceptance levels of travelers were investigated. In this study, it is aimed to determine mobile technology acceptance among Turkish travelers. Based on the results, a few managerial implications are drawn in this chapter.
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Introduction

Nothing remains the same in the twentieth century since a new technology becomes out-of-date in a very short time. Nowadays, the most important technological devices which change people’s lifestyle are computers, internet, and mobile devices. Mobile devices, such as smartphones, have influenced people’s lives more than any other technological invention in human history (Thakur & Srivastava, 2014). There are approximately five billion unique mobile phone users, which constitutes 67% of the total population in the world (Wearesocial, 2019). In Turkey, there are also almost 80 million mobile subscribers (BTK, 2019). Additionally, worldwide smartphone sales are nearly 1.6 billion units in 2018, an increase by 1.2% each year (Gartner, 2019). These numbers show that mobile technology (e.g. call, SMS, Apps, internet) has its potential also in marketing activities businesses.

Smartphones are the most popular personal technological devices that mankind will ever hold (Krum, 2010). There are many characteristics of mobile devices that help this unique form: portability, personalization, location-specificity, wireless feature and contextual information (Bauer et al., 2005; Buhalis & Foerste, 2014; Shankar & Balasubramanian, 2009; Smutkupt et al., 2010; Varnali et al., 2011; Wang et al., 2014). The spread of these characteristics and services has significantly increased the demand for mobile technology in developed and developing countries (Scaglione et al., 2015).

As in the early days of e-commerce, companies had to design a website for successful e-commerce (Venkatesh et al., 2003b); now tourism businesses should use a mobile application and/or mobile-based website for successful m-commerce to gain an advantage in a competition. The mobility of travelers is a certain topic for understanding what businesses can recommend them in terms of tourism services (Baggio, 2017). As one of the rapidly growing industries around the world, tourism has always been in the frontline in terms of using the new technologies and used the advantages of the synergy generated by the technologies. Thanks to this technology, tourism is now the symbol of a new “mobility nexus” that travelers increasingly use mobile devices on their trips (Molz & Paris, 2015). Also with its technologically supported network, mobile technology provides a “travel network” which helps travelers to plan their trips, find information about their trips and share their experiences during and after the trip (Baggio & Scaglione, 2017).

There is naturally a huge gap between the research about information technology and mobile technology. But with the rapid growth of mobile technology, it seems that research about mobile technology will also deepen and increase. Many types of research in tourism are concerned with the application, experiences, technology, social media, design, development of mobile technology (Brown & Chalmers, 2003; Buhalis & Foerste, 2014; Gavalas et al., 2014; Tan et al., 2017; Tussyadiah, 2015; Zhang et al., 2017). However, there is limited research on the traveler’s acceptance of mobile technology. So, the current study is likely to fill the gap in mobile technology acceptance in the field of tourism research.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Perceived usefulness: It refers to the degree to which people expect the benefits of technology and to believe that the performance of their work will increase by using this technology.

Technology Acceptance: It is the adaptation process and a system that is claimed to be due to different variables by the user of new technology.

Mobile Technology: Mobile technology, a form of technology that enables people to use it anywhere and anytime is mostly used in cellular communication and other related areas.

Attitude: It is one of the positive and negative psychological factors of a person affecting the consumer purchase decision process.

Mobile Marketing: Mobile marketing is a form of marketing via mobile technology.

Perceived ease of use: It is the degree to which a person believes that a special technology that he or she is using will not make physical and mental efforts.

Behavioral Intention: It is referred to as measuring the strength of a consumer’s intent to perform an action plan to buy and consume.

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