National and Organizational Culture and Its Impacts on the Negotiations Between United States and Mexico in the Case of USMC-TEMEC

National and Organizational Culture and Its Impacts on the Negotiations Between United States and Mexico in the Case of USMC-TEMEC

José G. Vargas-Hernández (Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico), Jovanna Nathalie Cervantes-Guzmán (Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico) and Guillermo Vázquez-Ávila (Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0214-3.ch011

Abstract

The organizational culture at the nation level is integrated by values, attitudes, workforce, loyalty, interpersonal relationships, etc. of its members. In the present investigation, the key to the business success of Mexico and the United States taking into consideration an element of analysis for its achievement is explained, making a comparison between both countries. There is a national culture with greater impact on organizations in the US than in Mexico. The methodology used was qualitative, exploratory, descriptive, and comparative. This research shows that the national culture affects the ways of acting of the members of the companies. The study was qualitative using only secondary sources for the investigation.
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Literature Review Of Organizational Culture

According to Sánchez (2010) the concept of culture can be identified from different perspectives:

  • Anthropology: It is defined by Malinowski (1989) as the integral set constituted by the utensils and goods of consumers, by the body of rules that govern the various social groups, by ideas and crafts, beliefs and customs. It is considered a very simple and primitive culture or an extremely complex and developed, is in the presence of a vast apparatus, partly material, partly human and partly spiritual with which man is able to overcome the specific and specific problems that face.

  • Sociology: It is conceptualized by Rocher (1979) as an interlocking set of ways of thinking, feeling and acting more or less formalized than learned and shared by a plurality of people who serve in an objective and symbolic way at the same time to constitute these people in a particular and distinct community.

  • Psychologist: It is specified by Schein (1998) as a model of basic presumptions, invented, discovered or developed by a given group as they learn to deal with their problems of external adaptation and internal integration, which have exercised enough influence to be considered valid and consequently be taught to new members as the correct way to perceive, think, and feel those problems.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Culture: Set of values, traditions, customs, rituals, artifacts, knowledge, ideas, etc., that characterize a people, a social class, a time, etc.

National Culture: The behavior of the inhabitants of a nation is shaped by the values, beliefs and cultural traditions that are common to them and which differ from other nation-states.

Business Strategy: The plan that is designed and implemented to guide the use of resources available to a business based on the variables of its environment and context with the mission of achieving certain specific long-term objectives.

Organization: An organization is a social system, formed in order to achieve the same common goal.

México: Mexico or the United Mexican States is a country located in the southern part of North America, in the southern United States of North America and in northern Guatemala and Belize.

Organizational Culture: Organizational culture is an idea in the field of organizational studies and management that describes the psychology, values, attitudes, experiences, beliefs, and personal and cultural values of an organization.

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