Professional Development in the Twenty-First Century: YouTube Teacher Training and Professional Development

Professional Development in the Twenty-First Century: YouTube Teacher Training and Professional Development

Jenna Marie Copper (Wilmington Area School District, USA) and George William Semich (Robert Morris University, USA)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7010-3.ch011

Abstract

High-stakes student testing, accountability for students' outcomes, new educational trends, and revised curricula and standards are only a few of the reasons that teachers must learn to teach complex material with skilled and intentional practices. As a result, professional development for educators is in critical demand. Nevertheless, research in the field of professional development indicates that most teachers do not experience effective teacher training. Therefore, the purpose of this chapter was to examine one professional development opportunity using the video-sharing tool, YouTube, as a training modality for in-servicing teachers. For this study, the researchers conducted interviews with eight educators in the United States to analyze their perceptions about the YouTube teacher training method. The results of the study indicated that the YouTube training tool is a quality training tool to assist teachers in the implementation of teaching strategies. Additionally, the results indicated that YouTube training videos could reinforce in-person training.
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Background

Teacher Professional Development

The Common Core State Standards Initiative (2010) was created in the wake of No Child Left Behind. Central to this moment is an increased demand for English and content area teachers to develop and improve students’ critical thinking and reading skills in accordance with the classroom text (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010; IRA & NCTE, 1999; National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2009). While teachers are charged with the task of addressing these rigorous standards, they sadly are left with little direction for how to do so.

Professional development has been documented as a way to improve teacher effectiveness and learner outcomes (Abdal-Haqq, 1996; Borko, 2004; Desimone et al., 2002; Guskey, 2002). However, it does not come without challenges. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 required school districts to grant time for high-quality professional development (NCLB, 2001). Nonetheless, as Borko (2009) pointed out, “NCLB does not, however, address questions such as what constitutes high-quality professional development or how professional development should be made available to teachers” (p. 3). In the past, school districts placed little emphasis on the quality of professional development; however, the changing educational climate and the emphasis on creating lessons that encourage and develop higher-order thinking skills brought professional development to the forefront (Corcoran, 1995). In fact, research continually shows that professional development is a significant factor in the success of teaching and learning in schools (Corcoran, 1995, Desimone et al., 2002; Guskey, 2002; Vrasidas & Glass, 2007). Still, for teacher training to be meaningful and change-provoking, research suggests that professional development must be ongoing and high quality to make a difference in teachers’ skills and effectiveness in the classroom (Vrasidas & Glass, 2007; Desimone et al., 2002). Nevertheless, research in the field of professional development consistently yields that most teachers do not experience effective teacher training (Desimone et al., 2002; Gulamhussein, 2013; Guskey, 2002).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Social media: Web-based technology designed to facilitate social networking, create and publish content, and share information.

YouTube: A social media platform designed for publishing and sharing videos.

Social Media Platforms: Web-based technology designed to manage social media.

Teacher Training: Training designed to help teachers improve their teaching practices.

Mobile Device: A portable device used for communicating and/or computing. Examples include computers, tablets, Chromebooks, mobile phones, and smartphones.

Professional Development: In education, professional development is any specialized activity designed for educators to improve knowledge, skills, and competence related to the practice of teaching.

Information and Communication Technology: All components of technology that are used to spread information and facilitate communication.

Video Training: Training recorded through a video recording device and saved in video format.

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