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What is Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)

Handbook of Research on Open Source Software: Technological, Economic, and Social Perspectives
A term first described by Richard Stallman referring to a software development process in which the software source code is made freely available for subsequent modification and development.
Published in Chapter:
Wikis as an Exemplary Model of Open Source Learning
Robert Fitzgerald (University of Canberra, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-999-1.ch053
In their simplest form, Wikis are Web pages that allow people to collaboratively create and edit documents online. Key principles of simplicity, robustness, and accessibility underlie the wiki publication system. It is the open and free spirit of Wikis fundamental to open source software (OSS) that offers new contexts for learning and knowledge creation with technology. This chapter will briefly consider the role of technology in learning before discussing Wikis and their development. The emerging literature on the application of Wikis to education will be reviewed and discussed. It will be argued that Wikis embody an exemplary model of open source learning that has the potential to transform the use of information communication technologies in education.
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The Cyborg and the Noble Savage: Ethics in the War on Information Poverty
This is software that is available to the general public not only to be used, but to be changed and adapted as local usage patterns may dictate. Sometimes referred to as ‘freeware’, the design documentation and human-readable source code are openly published and not constrained by intellectual property restrictions that would limit how and where the software will be used or how it might be improved or adapted to a particular need. Recognizing the social nature of knowledge and the constructivist nature of technology, participants in the free and open software movement routinely collaborate and share information with peers and they assert no exclusive claims to the software designs and code implementations that result from this wide collaborative praxis.
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When Local Governments Choose Open Source Technology
Software which is licensed to grant the right of users to study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code.
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What Is Open Source Software (OSS) and What Is Big Data?
Software that can be classified as both free software and open source software ( Wikipedia, 2019a ).
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Evaluating the Potential of Free and Open Source Software in the Developing World
Free software is the term introduced by Richard Stallman in 1983 for software which the user can use for any purpose, study the source code of, adapt to their needs, and redistribute—modified or unmodified.
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