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What is Human Trafficking

Handbook of Research on Present and Future Paradigms in Human Trafficking
The term human trafficking denotes the use of force, fraud, and other insincere methods to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex. Wooditch (2021) AU46: The in-text citation "Wooditch (2021)" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. defines human trafficking as the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for the purpose of labour, sexual exploitation or activities in which others benefit financially. Additionally, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2021) AU47: The in-text citation "Investigation (2021)" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. explains that human trafficking incorporates sex trafficking, labour trafficking, and domestic servitude.
Published in Chapter:
Exploring the Socio-Religious Implications of the Subset of Child Harvesting in Ibibioland: Cultural Inference and Human Trafficking
Felicia Eno (University of Uyo, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-9282-3.ch021
Abstract
The exploitative and illegal movement of persons constitutes one of the social vices that plague the world today. Human trafficking manifests in multifarious subsets such as sex trafficking, body part harvesting, and so on. These elements of culture can either promote human growth or undermine it. The prevalence of the phenomenon of child harvesting has brought the phrase “baby factories” into Nigerian culture. However, this study, adopting the descriptive method of research, takes a tilt towards articulating the phenomenon in order to identify the socio-religious implications on Ibibio culture. The negative cultural attitude towards adopted children and discrimination of adopted children discourage couples from legal adoption. The researcher recommends that the Ministry of Health should intensify monitoring and evaluation of traditional birth attendants operating in Akwa Ibom State, while pregnant girls and women who cannot care for their children should be drawn into the welfare plan of the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Welfare.
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Human Trafficking and Forced Labour in Southeast Asia: Legal Framework and a Way Forward
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people through force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them for profit.
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Reinventing Human Trafficking Through Baby Factories and Child Commodification in Nigeria: Ethical Implications
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, trading or receipt of persons within and across national border by use of threats, force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or exploitation of vulnerability, or giving or receiving payments and benefits to achieve consent. Exploitation includes at the minimum: induced prostitution or sexual exploitation; forced labor or services; salary or practices similar to slavery; servitude or removal of organs; or the placement for sale, bonded placement, temporary placement, placement as service where exploitation by someone else is the motivating factor (Human Trafficking Amendment Act, 2009 AU91: The in-text citation "Human Trafficking Amendment Act, 2009" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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What Can Organizations Do to Combat Human Trafficking?
Modern-day slavery that involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act; also referred to as trafficking in persons (TIP) or modern slavery.
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The Root Causes of Human Trafficking in West Africa and Nigeria in Perspective
Merriam Webster dictionary defines it as an organized criminal activity in which human beings are treated as possessions to be controlled and exploited (Merriam-Webster. n.d). It is the crime of transporting or controlling people and forcing them to work in the sex trade or other forms of forced labour ( Hornby, 2006 ).
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The Ugly Face of Human Trafficking in Nigeria: Consequences on Victim, Family, and Society
It is defined as the illegal trade of humans disposed forcefully for labour, sexual slavery or any type of illegal exploitation.
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Forced Migrations and the Risk of Human Trafficking
Also called Modern slavery; a serious crime whereby traffickers exploit and profit at the expense of adults or children by compelling them to perform labor or engage in commercial sex.
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Civil Society Engagement and Prevention of Human Trafficking
A set of processes including the act of recruitment or transfer of people through deception or coercion for the purpose of exploitation (UN, 2000a).
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Reframing Human Trafficking to Enhance Multidisciplinary Collaboration: A Technology-Focused Application
The exploitation of people who are involuntarily recruited, transported, or harbored by imposing force, fraud, or coercion.
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Human Trafficking and Cyber Laws in Malaysia
Modern day slavery or illegal transporting of people typically for the purposes of forced labor or sexual exploitation.
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Human Trafficking
The luring, transportation, and sale or receipt of persons, typically using abduction, extortion, deception, and physical or relational force. Victims of human trafficking are typically forced into sex work or other types of systematic abuse and servitude in exchange for payment, which they are told is necessary to alleviate their “debts” and purchase their “freedom.”
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Transnational Crime and the American Policing System
The illegal movement of humans with the intent of trading them for sexual activity, manual labor, forced marriage, and/or extraction of body organs/tissue for sale.
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New Kids on the Block: What Gender Economics and Palermo Tell Us about Trafficking in Human Beings
Defined by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children an international agreement captured within the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC). This protocol entered into force on 25 December 2003 and defines the crime of Human Trafficking as: the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal, manipulation or implantation of organs.
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Cybersex Trafficking: The Insidious Side of the Internet
The use and abuse of human persons for any exploitative reason. It is a multi-billion dollar industry that manipulates humans to unwillingly serve in a variety of compromising realities. Those trafficked are essentially conscripted by their captors to serve them and their needs whether it be for purposes of work, sex, crime, medicine, marriage.
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The Path of Human Trafficking in My Own Backyard
The illegal act of forcing people to complete work or service against their will. It can be for labor that has not been agreed to or for sex acts that have not been agreed to for the benefit of the trafficker.
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Tragedy and Trajectories of Human Trafficking: A Biblical Perspective for Sub-Saharan Africa
This is used in this research to mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people through force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them for profit. It is the unlawful act of transporting or coercing people in order to benefit from their work or service, typically in the form of forced labour or sexual exploitation.
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Promoting Awareness of Human Trafficking Through Innovative Educational Technology Using the Holocaust as Historical Reference
This is the use of some form of involuntary coercion to force victims to perform acts that result in commercial transaction or profit for the perpetrator(s). The most common acts are labor or commercial sex acts, but may include organ trafficking as well.
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Understanding, Recognizing, and Responding to Human Trafficking in the Schools
The illegal transporting of a person from one country or one area to another for the purpose of forced labor or sexual exploitation.
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Trafficking in Women and Children in Bangladesh: Laws and Strategies for Prevention
Human trafficking is the use of force, fraud, or deception to recruit, transport, transfer, harbor, or receive persons for profit. This crime can affect any person irrespective of race, age, or origin.
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Failed Hospitality: Human Trafficking in the HBO Saga Westworld
It is defined as the illegal trade of humans disposed forcefully for labour, sexual slavery, or any type of illegal exploitation.
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