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What is Hydrogen

Entrepreneurial Innovation for Securing Long-Term Growth in a Short-Term Economy
It is one of the most abundant elements in the universe, generally being found in its gas phase.
Published in Chapter:
A Proposal for the Transformation of Fossil Fuel Energy Economies to Hydrogen Economies Through Social Entrepreneurship
Jossie Esteban Garzón Baquero (Facultad de Ingenierías, Grupo de Investigación Nuevas Tecnologías, Universidad de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia) and Daniela Bellon Monsalve (Facultad de Ingenierías, Grupo de Investigación Nuevas Tecnologías, Universidad de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3568-4.ch004
The world is growing at an ever-increasing rate, but this growth has occurred alongside an energy model based on fossil fuels, which presents serious sustainability problems. The current study seeks to illustrate one of the new alternative energy schemes which could replace fossil fuels in the future: hydrogen. The promise of hydrogen fuel has led large nations to invest in transitioning their fossil fuel economies to a hydrogen-based model. This will result in significant social impacts, leading to the question, How should it be done? Social entrepreneurship can integrate socio-economic actors and agents and help them to devise and implement new forms of energy innovation, which will open spaces for new business models. The current study conceptualizes within a present-day context the connotations of the hydrogen economy at an international level, its implications to society, and its synergy with social entrepreneurship. The authors observed the rapid growth that these entrepreneurship initiatives are generating and how the models used to manage these undertakings play a vital role.
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More Results
Use of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells for Refrigerated Transport
Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel which uses electrochemical cells, or combustion in internal engines, to power vehicles and electric devices. It is also used in the propulsion of spacecraft and can potentially be mass-produced and commercialized for passenger vehicles and aircraft. In a flame of pure hydrogen gas, burning in air, the hydrogen (H2) reacts with oxygen (O2) to form water (H2O) and releases heat. Nevertheless, hydrogen is an energy carrier, like electricity, not an energy resource.
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Hydrogen-Energy Vector Within a Sustainable Energy System for Stationary Applications
A nonmetallic gaseous chemical element with atomic number 1 that is the simplest and lightest of the elements.
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