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What is NoSQL Database

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition
Modern databases conceived for web applications. Unlike a relational database, a NoSQL database does not store data and relationships in tables. Conversely, NoSQL databases are schema-free, distributed and horizontally scalable to clusters of machines i.e. the database is partitioned in a cluster of distributed database servers (each maintaining its own data and a self-contained schema) and it makes easy to add or remove, namely to scale, a single database server.
Published in Chapter:
Concerns and Challenges of Cloud Platforms for Bioinformatics
Nicoletta Dessì (Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Italy) and Barbara Pes (Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Italy)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch040
Bioinformatics traditionally concerns applying computational approaches for the management and the exploitation of large volumes of biomedical data that continues to expand in size and in distribution. Although the application of cloud computing in biomedical areas is still preliminary, an increasing number of biomedical applications rely on the Cloud for processing large datasets. This chapter aims investigating the extent to which cloud technology offers a viable platform for developing and deploying applications that support users in searching and integrating information offered by bioinformatics resources. The chapter outlines the basic features that such computing applications should exhibit and the challenging issues they deal with. The architecture and the functionality of the cloud-based environments are presented to stress how cloud platforms could offer added-value service components and flexibility that make their adoption attractive for bioinformatics.
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Big Data Problem, Technologies and Solutions
Is non-relational database, also called not only SQL. It is an approach used to manage large sets of distributed data.
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A Disciplined Approach to Temporal Evolution and Versioning Support in JSON Data Stores
A nontraditional database that usually does not require a fixed schema, avoids join operations, and typically scales horizontally.
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Video Call-Based Real-Time Crime Reporting System
These Not Only SQL (NoSQL) databases store data in a document format instead of storing it in a tabular format consisting of rows and columns. It does not have a fixed schema and it can store very huge amount of data.
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Fault Tolerant Data Management for Cloud Services
This is a database that adopts a data storage and retrieval mechanism that is different from that used in traditional relational databases. The actual mechanisms differ in different NoSQL databases, such as key-value stores, document store, and graph, etc.
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New Trends in Databases to NonSQL Databases
It is a database that is not designed using the relational model as a basis. It presents, among other features, that it does not use the SQL language as a query language.
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