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What is Enlanglement

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition
A multiple qubits state which cannot be created by combining single qubit states.
Published in Chapter:
Quantum Computing and Quantum Communication
Göran Pulkkis (Arcada University of Applied Sciences, Finland) and Kaj J. Grahn (Arcada University of Applied Sciences, Finland)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch671
This article presents state-of-the-art and future perspectives of quantum computing and communication. Timeline of relevant findings in quantum informatics, such as quantum algorithms, quantum cryptography protocols, and quantum computing models, is summarized. Mathematics of information representation with quantum states is presented. The quantum circuit and adiabatic models of quantum computation are outlined. The functionality, limitations, and security of the quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol is presented. Current implementations of quantum computers and principles of quantum programming are shortly described.
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Current Quantum Information Science and Technology
Multiple qubits are entangled, when their quantum state cannot be reached by combining single qubit quantum states.
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