International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (IJDET)
Emerging Sources Citation Index

International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (IJDET)

Editor-in-Chief: Maiga Chang (Athabasca University, Canada)
Indexed In: Web of Science Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), SCOPUS, Compendex (Elsevier Engineering Index), PsycINFO®, INSPEC and 38 more indices
Published: Quarterly |Established: 2003
ISSN: 1539-3100|EISSN: 1539-3119|DOI: 10.4018/IJDET


The International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (IJDET) is a forum for researchers and practitioners to disseminate practical solutions to the automation of collaborative and distance education. Targeted to academic researchers and engineers who work with distance learning programs and software systems, as well as general users of distance education technologies and methods, IJDET discusses computational methods, algorithms, implemented prototype systems, and applications of open and distance learning. Headed by a well-published IGI Global Editor in Chief, IJDET prominently publishes research from contributors on six continents, bringing a uniquely global perspective to this broad topic. IJDET is featured in numerous prestigious indices including Web of Science® – Emerging Sources Citation Index®, Scopus®, Compendex®, PsycInfo®, and INSPEC®, among others. All manuscripts submitted to the journal are double-blind peer reviewed, providing the most current and rigorously tested research in this subject.

Topics Covered

  • Application Soft Computing Methodologies
  • Authentication Mechanisms
  • Automatic FAQ Reply Methods
  • Broadband and Wireless Communication Tools
  • Collaboration Writing Tools: Wikis, Blogs, Websites, etc.
  • Collaborative and Social Learning in Virtual Worlds
  • Collaborative Learning, Distributed Cognition, and Collective Intelligence
  • Computer-Supported Collaboration Tools
  • Culture and Art Practice Communities
  • Data Mining for E-Learning System
  • Design, Model, and Framework of E-Learning Systems
  • Designing Devices, Interfaces, and Content for Educational Purposes
  • Designing Meaning in New Media: Podcasts, Digital Video, Digital Imaging, etc.
  • Distance Learning for Culture and Arts
  • Evaluation Technologies
  • Formative and Summative Assessment
  • From Hierarchical to Lateral Knowledge Flows, Teaching-Learning Relationships
  • Improving Culture and Art by Distance Learning Methodologies
  • Instructional Design
  • Intelligent and Adaptive Learning
  • Intelligent Tutoring
  • Interaction and Behavior Patterns
  • Learning Management Systems
  • Learning Resource Deployment, Organization, and Management
  • Metacognition in New Learning Processes and New Technological Environments
  • Mixed Virtual World and Classroom Learning
  • Multi-Agent Educational Systems
  • Multimedia Streaming Technology
  • Multimodal Content
  • New Learning and Teaching Activities
  • New Learning Supported by New Technologies: Challenges and Successes
  • New Network Infrastructures
  • Open Source Tools
  • Pedagogical Issues
  • Peer-to-Peer Learning: Learners as Teachers
  • Personalized Learning
  • Quality-of-Services Issues
  • Real-Time Protocols
  • Recommendation System for E-Learning
  • Serious Games
  • Situated Learning
  • Smartphone App for Education
  • Social Learning
  • Social Networking Technologies
  • Supporting Learner Diversity and Personalized Learning
  • Technological Approaches, Their Limitations, and How to Overcome Them
  • Technology in the Service of the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Technology-Enhanced Learning
  • Tutoring in Distance Learning Arts
  • Ubiquitous Learning
  • Usability and Human-Computer Interaction in Virtual Worlds
  • Virtual Learning Space Design and Architecture
  • Virtual Worlds and Mobile Learning
  • Virtual Worlds and Serious Games for Distance Education
  • Web 2.0 Tools for Culture and Art Improvement
  • Worldwide L0 Management

Mission and Scope

The International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (IJDET) is a primary forum for researchers and practitioners to disseminate practical solutions to the automation of open and distance learning. Publishing original research articles on a quarterly basis, IDJET is targeted to academic researchers and engineers who work with distance learning programs and software systems, as well as general participants of distance education.

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

Search this Journal:
Open Access Articles: Forthcoming
Volume 18: 4 Issues (2020): Forthcoming, Available for Pre-Order
Volume 17: 4 Issues (2019): 2 Released, 2 Forthcoming
Volume 16: 4 Issues (2018)
Volume 15: 4 Issues (2017)
Volume 14: 4 Issues (2016)
Volume 13: 4 Issues (2015)
Volume 12: 4 Issues (2014)
Volume 11: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 10: 4 Issues (2012)
Volume 9: 4 Issues (2011)
Volume 8: 4 Issues (2010)
Volume 7: 4 Issues (2009)
Volume 6: 4 Issues (2008)
Volume 5: 4 Issues (2007)
Volume 4: 4 Issues (2006)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2005)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2004)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2003)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing

Reviews and Testimonials

Most societies, enterprises, educational institutions, and others are exceptionally dependent upon communication and computer technologies, especially the Internet. The International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (IJDET) is the only international journal focusing on distance learning and educational areas, including several high-level, well reviewed papers by experts on the field. As a result, IJDET is a leading journal on distance education technologies.

– Makoto Takizawa, Tokyo Denki University, Japan

Web-based teaching and learning have modified our educational methods. IJDET presents an overview on the research and cases of study in these fields. It represents a medium for the practitioners on the distance education technology to publish their research and to present their experiences. It is also a good work tool for teachers involved in distance learning projects and virtual campuses.

– Nicoletta Sala, Università della Svizzera italiana (University of Lugano), Switzerland


Editor(s)-in-Chief Biography

Dr. Maiga Chang is a Full Professor in the School of Computing Information and Systems at Athabasca University, Canada. His researches mainly focus on game-based learning, training and assessment; mobile learning and ubiquitous learning; museum e-learning; learning behaviour analysis; learning analytics and academic analytics; data mining and artificial intelligence; intelligent agent technology; and, mobile healthcare.

He is now Chair of IEEE Technical Committee of Learning Technology (TCLT,, an Executive Committee member of Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education (APSCE,, Global Chinese Society for Computing in Education (, and Chinese Society for Inquiry Learning ( He is also chair of Digital Game and Intelligent Toy Enhanced Learning special interest group (SIG) under the TCLT. Dr. Chang was executive chair (2016-2018) and new initiative chair (2015-2016) in the executive board of IEEE Technical Committee of Learning Technology (TCLT) and chair (2016-2017) and co-chair (2014-2015) of APSCE Asia-Pacific Region Game and Toy Enhanced Learning and Society special interest group (SIG).

He is editor in chief of International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (an EI and Web of Science's ESCI journal without publication fee), section editor of Education and Science (a free SSCI Open Access journal), and advisory board member of Journal of Computers and Applied Science Education. He is guest editor of Education and Technology Society (a free SSCI Open Access journal), Multimedia Tools and Applications (an SCI journal), Mathematical Problems in Engineering (an SCI journal), and The Scientific World Journal (an SCI journal). He has also been the guest associate editor of IEEE Technology and Engineering Education, guest editor of International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (a free SSCI Open Access journal without publication fee) and Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning (a free Open Access journal with publication fee covered by APSCE).

Dr. Chang also serves academic international conference events include being program chair of International Conference on Smart Learning Environments (ICSLE 2015, 2018 and 2019), general program chair of IEEE TCLT flagship conference International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (IEEE ICALT 2017 to 2019), Program Committee Chair of 15th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2019), IPC Coordination Co-Chair of International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2018), executive program chair and program co-chair of Global Chinese Conference on Computers in Education (GCCCE) in 2017 and 2016, track program chair of Digital Game and Intelligent Toy Enhanced Learning in IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies 2014 to 2018, executive chair of GCCCE 2014 sub-conference on Joyful Learning and Society and co-chair for the sub-conference in GCCCE 2013 and 2015, executive chair of ICCE 2014 sub-conference on Game and Toy Enhanced Learning and Society (GTEL&S) and co-chair for the sub-conference in ICCE 2011, 2013 and 2015, advisory board member of IADIS International Conference on Mobile, Hybrid, and On-line Learning (2012~now), steering committee of International Conference on Systems and Networks Communications (2017~2018) and special area chair of pervasive education (2011~2016), program co-chair (2011), general co-chair (2009), and advisory board (2013) of Edutainment, and local chair of IEEE DIGITEL 2008.

He has given more than 85 talks and lectures in different conferences, universities, and events; He has participated in more than 290 international conferences and workshops as a Program Committee Member; and, he also has (co-)authored more than 225 edited books, special issues, book chapters, journal and international conference papers. He is an IEEE member for seventeen years since 1996 and also a member of ACM (2001-2017), AAAI (since 2001-2017), INNS (since 2004), and Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Honor Society.

Editorial Board

Associate Editors
Robert Heller, Athabasca University, Canada
Wu-Yuin Hwang, National Central University, Taiwan
Rita Kuo, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, United States
Marco Temperini, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Jie Chi Yang, National Central University, Taiwan ORCID
Editorial Review Board
Liz Bacon, University of Greenwich Old Royal Naval College, United Kingdom
Mario Luca Bernardi, Giustino Fortunato University, Italy
Maiga Chang, Athabasca University, Canada
Ting-Wen Chang, Beijing Normal University, China
Yuan-Jen Chang, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Maria De Marsico, La Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Larbi Esmahi, Athabasca University, Canada
Rita Francese, Univeristy of Salerno, Italy
Sabine Graf, Athabasca University, Canada
Maryam Haghshenas, Tehran University, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
Ting-Chia Hsu, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan
Jun Hu, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
Paul Salvador Inventado, California State University Fullerton, United States
Malinka Ivanova, Technical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Sridhar Iyer, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
Mohamed Jemni, Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO), Tunisia
Morris S.Y. Jong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Zuzana Kubincová, Comenius University, Slovakia
Ah-Fur Lai, University of Taipei, Taiwan
Roberto Legaspi, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Japan
Kuo-Chen Li, Chung Yung Christian University, Taiwan
Tsai-Yen Li, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Yanyan Li, Beijing Normal University, China
Chang-Yen Liao, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taiwan
Tung-Cheng Lin, National Taipei University of Nursing & Health Sciences, Taiwan
Rossitza Marinova, Concordia University College of Alberta, Canada
Hiroyuki Mitsuhara, Tokushima University, Japan
Hafidi Mohamed, Annaba University, Algeria
Sahana Murthy, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
nizar omheni, RedCad Laboratory, Sfax University, Tunisia ORCID
Kuo-Liang Ou, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan ORCID
Elvira Popescu, University of Craiova, Romania ORCID
Michal Ptaszynski, Kitami Institute of Technology, Japan ORCID
Jun Shen, University of Wollongong, Australia ORCID
Ju-Ling Shih, National University of Tainan, Taiwan
Minghsin Tsai, Asia University, Taiwan
Dunwei Wen, Athabasca University, Canada
Seng Yue Wong, Taylor's University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Jianhua Wu, Central China Normal University, China ORCID
Sheng-Yi Wu, National Pingtung University, Taiwan ORCID
Ning Xia, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Haoran Xie, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Yan Yu, Tianjin Normal University, China


Prospective authors should note that only original and previously unpublished articles will be considered. INTERESTED AUTHORS MUST CONSULT THE JOURNAL’S GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSIONS at PRIOR TO SUBMISSION. All article submissions will be forwarded to at least 3 members of the Editorial Review Board of the journal for double-blind, peer review. Final decision regarding acceptance/revision/rejection will be based on the reviews received from the reviewers. All submissions must be forwarded electronically.

All submissions and inquiries should be directed to the attention of:

All inquiries regarding IJDET should be directed to the attention of:

Maiga Chang

All manuscript submissions to IJDET should be sent through the online submission system: