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What is Formal Sciences

Handbook of Research on Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Development
Language disciplines concerned with formal systems, such as logic, mathematics, statistics, theoretical computer science, information theory, game theory, systems theory, decision theory, and theoretical linguistics.
Published in Chapter:
An Interdisciplinary Inquiry Into Sustainable Supply Chain Management
Fern D. Kaufman (Dalhousie University, Canada) and M. Ali Ülkü (Rowe School of Business, Dalhousie University, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5757-9.ch001
Research in the last two decades has broadened venues from optimizing operations for a specific organization to critically examining the entire supply chain from the perspective of sustainability. The term sustainability has been used in varying meanings in different disciplines. With this chapter, the authors propose to bring together an interdisciplinary framework for sustainable supply chain management (SSCM). SSCM will be studied through literature surveys on the axes of both natural sciences, and social sciences, with an overarching goal of policy implications. Unlike quantitatively oriented natural sciences, integrating perspectives from the social sciences into a firm's overall sustainability strategy is still seen as a large undertaking by firms and can impede its sustainability. More practical and scholarly research needs to be conducted in this area, especially in terms of assessment and evaluation mechanisms.
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