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What is Safety of Navigation

Handbook of Research on International Collaboration, Economic Development, and Sustainability in the Arctic
The condition of being unlikely to cause danger in navigation, enhanced by a body of rules covering issues such as radio-communications, construction of ships, fire protection, life-saving appliances, the carriage of cargoes, and special measures for high speed ships.
Published in Chapter:
Northern Sea Route: International Law Perspectives
Jędrzej Górski (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6954-1.ch014
The Northern Sea Route (NSR) passes through international waters and therefore is subjected to international regimes which encroach upon the regulatory sovereignty of states having stakes in the Arctic. These commitments cover freedom and safety of navigation, delimitation of exclusive economic zones, and obligations related to sustainability such as marine pollution, or conservation of fisheries. Russia's historical claims to sovereignty over the navigation along the NSR have been substantiated after the adoption of the UNCLOS which allowed states to take regulatory actions against marine pollution in ice-covered areas. Such special rights come in tandem with the provision of public goods such as piloting, icebreaking, and rescue services by Russian authorities and state-owned enterprises. The issue of the right to natural resources along the NSR will not be completely settled until a conclusive decision on Russian claims to extended continental shelf filed under the UNCLOS. Sustainability issues are least controversial and subject to unhindered intergovernmental cooperation.
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