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What is Problem-Based Learning (PBL)

Handbook of Research on Applied E-Learning in Engineering and Architecture Education
Is an instructional, learner centred approach that empowers learners to conduct research, integrate theory and practice, and apply knowledge and skills to develop a viable solution to a defined problem.
Published in Chapter:
Methodology Applied Problem-Based Learning in Teaching HCI: A Case Study in Usability Evaluation of an Online Course
Ana Grasielle Dionísio Corrêa (Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil) and Valéria Farinazzo Martins (Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8803-2.ch008
Abstract
Problem-based Learning (PBL) is an instructional approach that uses a real problem to focus, motivate and facilitate learning relevant to the future performance of student conceptual, procedural and attitudinal knowledge as professional life. This paper presents and discusses the implementation of PBL teaching model in Human Computer Interaction (HCI), specifically in teaching usability evaluation of an online course. The model was applied to three classes of the HCI course, involving 16 students, a Brazilian University and 82 users. The methodology and results are presented in this work.
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Modern Technologies Used in Education
Learning that is done by starting from a problem and by finding the solution the learner is guided to the concept that is being taught. In PBL the student starts from the application and gets to the theory.
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Informatics Education Enhanced by Problem-Based Learning Model via E-Learning: Experience From BSU Project at SUA
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of problem solving. Students learn both thinking strategies and domain knowledge. The PBL format originated from the medical school of thought, and is now used in other schools of thought too. The goals of PBL are to help the students develop flexible knowledge, effective problem solving skills, self-directed learning, effective collaboration skills and intrinsic motivation. Problem-based learning is a style of active learning.
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Application-Based Learning and Digital Tools to Enhance Student Outcomes in Socio-Behavioral and Economic Sciences
an approach in which complex real-world problems are used as the vehicle to promote student learning of concepts and principles as opposed to direct presentation of facts and concepts.
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The Gamification in Online Environments in the Context of the Flipped Classroom
Is a teaching method in which complex real-world problems are used as the vehicle to promote student learning of concepts and principles as opposed to direct presentation of facts and concepts.
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Information Literacy Practices Using Active Teaching-Learning Methodologies in Higher Education
Starts with the resolution of problems or challenges that need to have a real application and are proposed by the teacher.
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21st Century Problem-Based Learning: A Medical Education Asset by Rational Design or Retrofit
A small-group active learning modality in which students work through a problem together (e.g., a clinical case), identifying gaps in their knowledge, constructing learning objectives to address their knowledge gaps, researching identified topics, and presenting their findings to peers in their group and their faculty facilitator.
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Innovative Instructional Methods Integrating 21st-Century Competencies
The student-centered pedagogy in which students solve open-ended, real-world problems to learn subject matter through experience.
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Redefining the Higher Education Landscape through Problem-Based Learning
Learning that results from the process of working toward the understanding of a resolution of a problem, i.e. both a curriculum and a process.
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“Let's Hope for the Best!”: Navigating Speedy Delivery and Cultivating Expressive Space in Pandemic-Era Tutoring
A type of learning built on the goal of understanding the process of solving a given problem.
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Social Innovation in Elementary Education: Shaping the Future With Inclusive and Technologically Advanced Strategies
It is an educational approach where students learn by actively engaging with real-world problems. They work collaboratively to identify, analyze, and solve complex problems, promoting critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and a deeper understanding of the subject matter. PBL encourages self-directed learning and often involves group discussions, research, and presentations.
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Using Inquiry-Based Learning Approaches to Teach Undergraduate Geography
A pedagogical approach akin to IBL in which students usually work in small groups to respond to trigger scenarios such as problems, scenarios or issues. Like IBL, the teacher is a facilitator. The approach was initially developed for medical curricula, but is now widely used across a range of contexts. PBL is seen as a subset of IBL, since it is usually (but not exclusively) focuses on students understanding existing disciplinary knowledge, rather than building new knowledge.
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The Problem-Oriented Approach in the Basic Mathematical Courses for Engineering Education
Learning based on self-searching for solutions to specific problems under the guidance of a teacher.
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Inciting Grassroots Change
PBL assignments typically present challenging, open-ended, and ill-defined problems for students to address, typically in groups. Emphasis is on teaching students effective processes for collaboration, decision-making, and self-directed learning.
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Utilizing What We Know About How People Learn
Is a student-focused approach to teaching that uses real problems as the content of the lesson and encourages students to develop problem-solving skills.
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Voices of Educators: Perspectives and Experiences Using Active Learning Models
Instructional method where relatable problems are assigned at the start of the instruction cycle and used to provide the context for the learning that follows.
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Finding Balance: Social Media Use in Higher Education
Given a challenging situation, or complex problem, students are given extended time to investigate and work.
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STEM Education for Girls: Perspectives of Teachers During a Makeathon
Student-driven and teacher guided in-depth inquiry that encourages problem-solving, collaboration, and critical thinking skills reflective of real-world problems focusing on the problem and the process.
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From EMI to ICLHE: Teacher Development for L2-Medium Instruction in a Teacher Education Institution
A pedagogical approach in which learning emerges through the experience of attempting to solve complex real-life open-ended problems.
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Educational Geotrekking
A learning model where students acquire knowledge by tackling authentic ill-defined problems. Typically the learners will have to persevere and make and justify assumptions to achieve their goal.
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Fostering Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in Chinese Universities for a Creative Society
As an innovative educational model, problem-based learning (PBL) has been widely used in diverse disciplines and cultures throughout the world. In PBL, students’ learning centers on complex problems that do not have a single answer or solving real-life projects. Students work in collaborative groups to identify what they need to learn in order to solve the problems. The teacher acts to facilitate the learning process rather than to provide knowledge. So “student-centered learning” is the core philosophy of PBL.
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Integrated Physics Learning Using an Interdisciplinary Inquiry Learning Space: An Exploratory Study Using Computer Programming
Is a student-centered approach in which students learn about a subject by working in groups to solve an open-ended problem.
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ThinkTeam: GDSS Methodology and Technology as a Collaborative Learning Task
PBL is learning that is based on an analysis of an authentic or simulated real-life problem.
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Design Thinking at EPS: An Interdisciplinary and International Experience
Learning method intrinsically based on developing solutions to complex problems.
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A Collaborative Active Learning Model as a Vehicle for Online Team Learning in Higher Education
It is generally defined as an instructional, active method for teaching which facilitates students’ initiation of directing their own learning.
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Investigation of Pre-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Their Views on Problem-Based Learning
This is a learning method in which learners work towards solutions for problem situations through an active research process.
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Fostering Creative Problem Solvers in Higher Education: A Response to Complexity of Societies
As an innovative educational model, Problem-Based Learning (PBL) has been widely used in diverse disciplines and cultures throughout the world. In PBL, students’ learning centres on complex problems that do not have a single answer or solving real-life projects. Students work in collaborative groups to identify what they need to learn in order to solve the problems. The teacher acts to facilitate the learning process rather than to provide knowledge. So “student-centred learning” is the core philosophy of PBL.
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Collaborative Learning in Co-Created Digital Space: The Fully Online Learning Community Model
A learning environment that involves presenting with a real-world situation or context wherein they identify a problem of interest to them, study the problem and propose solutions.
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Building an Interactive E-Lab
PBL was first used in the medical faculty to help medical students learn through real-life cases. This method emphasizes the learning process in which students actively engage in collecting information and working through a problem. Students are not working alone, as they can build their own understanding under the guidance of instructor, but the instructor does not do the building for them.
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