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What is Regional Security Complex Theory (RSCT)

Handbook of Research on International Collaboration, Economic Development, and Sustainability in the Arctic
A theory espoused by Barry Buzan and Ole Waever, which identifies a regional security complex as a group of states whose primary national security concerns are so closely intertwined together that they cannot be extracted or addressed independently of each other. The theory views security interdependence as a critical factor in the creation of regionally based clusters. RSCT provides a framework for analysis and comparison of regional security of different regions.
Published in Chapter:
Securitization of the Arctic: A Need for a Regional Security Architecture
Sukalpa Chakrabarti (Symbiosis International University (Deemed), India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6954-1.ch005
The geopolitical importance of the Arctic is intensifying with the economic and strategic opportunities being unraveled in the wake of the impact of climate change. The chapter analyses the actors and the factors affecting the current security relations in the region and recommends the creation of a regional security architecture (RSA) to deal with the emerging conflict potential of the Arctic. Through the establishment of an effective RSA for the Arctic, the prime objective of building a security environment that protects the region and promotes sustainable economic growth will be achieved. The chapter has been conceptualized under the broad theme of security studies while drawing specifically from the constructivist-structuralist framework of the regional security complex theory (RSCT).
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